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手工创建数据库的全部脚本及说明

发表于2002/4/26 9:19:00  634人阅读

分类: 数据库 数据库开发

                 手工创建数据库的全部脚本及说明
               系统环境:
                1、操作系统:Windows 2000 Server,机器内存128M
                2、数据库: Oracle 8i R2 (8.1.6) for NT 企业版
                3、安装路径:D:/ORACLE

              建库步骤:
1、手工创建相关目录
D:/Oracle/admin/test
D:/Oracle/admin/test/adhoc
D:/Oracle/admin/test/bdump
D:/Oracle/admin/test/cdump
D:/Oracle/admin/test/create
D:/Oracle/admin/test/exp
D:/Oracle/admin/test/pfile
D:/Oracle/admin/test/udump

D:/Oracle/oradata/test
D:/Oracle/oradata/test/archive

2、手工创建初始化启动参数文件:D:/Oracle/admin/test/pfile/inittest.ora,内容:

3、手工创建D:/Oracle/Ora81/DATABASE/inittest.ora文件,

   内容:IFILE='D:/Oracle/admin/test/pfile/inittest.ora'

4、使用orapwd.exe命令,创建D:/Oracle/Ora81/DATABASE/PWDtest.ora

   命令:D:/Oracle/Ora81/bin/orapwd file=D:/Oracle/Ora81/DATABASE/PWDtest.ora password=ORACLE entries=5


5、通过oradim.exe命令,在服务里生成一个新的实例管理服务,启动方式为手工
   set ORACLE_SID=test
   D:/Oracle/Ora81/bin/oradim -new -sid test -startmode manual -pfile "D:/Oracle/admin/test/pfile/inittest.ora"

6、生成各种数据库对象
D:/>svrmgrl

--创建数据库
connect INTERNAL/oracle
startup nomount pfile="D:/Oracle/admin/test/pfile/inittest.ora"
CREATE DATABASE test
LOGFILE 'D:/Oracle/oradata/test/redo01.log' SIZE 2048K,
    'D:/Oracle/oradata/test/redo02.log' SIZE 2048K,
    'D:/Oracle/oradata/test/redo03.log' SIZE 2048K
MAXLOGFILES 32
MAXLOGMEMBERS 2
MAXLOGHISTORY 1
DATAFILE 'D:/Oracle/oradata/test/system01.dbf' SIZE 58M  REUSE AUTOEXTEND ON NEXT 640K
MAXDATAFILES 254
MAXINSTANCES 1
CHARACTER SET ZHS16GBK
NATIONAL CHARACTER SET ZHS16GBK;

控制文件、日志文件在上面语句执行时生成


connect INTERNAL/oracle
--修改系统表空间
ALTER TABLESPACE SYSTEM DEFAULT STORAGE ( INITIAL 64K NEXT 64K MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS UNLIMITED PCTINCREASE 50);
ALTER TABLESPACE SYSTEM MINIMUM EXTENT 64K;

--创建回滚表空间
CREATE TABLESPACE RBS DATAFILE 'D:/Oracle/oradata/test/rbs01.dbf' SIZE 256M REUSE
 AUTOEXTEND ON NEXT 5120K
 MINIMUM EXTENT 512K
 DEFAULT STORAGE ( INITIAL 512K NEXT 512K MINEXTENTS 8 MAXEXTENTS 4096);

--创建用户表空间
CREATE TABLESPACE USERS DATAFILE 'D:/Oracle/oradata/test/users01.dbf' SIZE 128M REUSE
 AUTOEXTEND ON NEXT 1280K
 MINIMUM EXTENT 128K
 DEFAULT STORAGE ( INITIAL 128K NEXT 128K MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 4096 PCTINCREASE 0);

--创建临时表空间
CREATE TABLESPACE TEMP DATAFILE 'D:/Oracle/oradata/test/temp01.dbf' SIZE 32M REUSE
 AUTOEXTEND ON NEXT 640K
 MINIMUM EXTENT 64K
 DEFAULT STORAGE ( INITIAL 64K NEXT 64K MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS UNLIMITED PCTINCREASE 0) TEMPORARY;

--创建工具表空间
CREATE TABLESPACE TOOLS DATAFILE 'D:/Oracle/oradata/test/tools01.dbf' SIZE 64M REUSE
 AUTOEXTEND ON NEXT 320K
 MINIMUM EXTENT 32K
 DEFAULT STORAGE ( INITIAL 32K NEXT 32K MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 4096 PCTINCREASE 0);

--创建索引表空间
CREATE TABLESPACE INDX DATAFILE 'D:/Oracle/oradata/test/indx01.dbf' SIZE 32M REUSE
 AUTOEXTEND ON NEXT 1280K
 MINIMUM EXTENT 128K
 DEFAULT STORAGE ( INITIAL 128K NEXT 128K MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 4096 PCTINCREASE 0);

--创建回滚段
CREATE PUBLIC ROLLBACK SEGMENT RBS0 TABLESPACE RBS STORAGE ( OPTIMAL 4096K );
CREATE PUBLIC ROLLBACK SEGMENT RBS1 TABLESPACE RBS STORAGE ( OPTIMAL 4096K );
CREATE PUBLIC ROLLBACK SEGMENT RBS2 TABLESPACE RBS STORAGE ( OPTIMAL 4096K );
CREATE PUBLIC ROLLBACK SEGMENT RBS3 TABLESPACE RBS STORAGE ( OPTIMAL 4096K );
CREATE PUBLIC ROLLBACK SEGMENT RBS4 TABLESPACE RBS STORAGE ( OPTIMAL 4096K );
CREATE PUBLIC ROLLBACK SEGMENT RBS5 TABLESPACE RBS STORAGE ( OPTIMAL 4096K );
CREATE PUBLIC ROLLBACK SEGMENT RBS6 TABLESPACE RBS STORAGE ( OPTIMAL 4096K );
CREATE PUBLIC ROLLBACK SEGMENT RBS7 TABLESPACE RBS STORAGE ( OPTIMAL 4096K );
CREATE PUBLIC ROLLBACK SEGMENT RBS8 TABLESPACE RBS STORAGE ( OPTIMAL 4096K );
CREATE PUBLIC ROLLBACK SEGMENT RBS9 TABLESPACE RBS STORAGE ( OPTIMAL 4096K );
CREATE PUBLIC ROLLBACK SEGMENT RBS10 TABLESPACE RBS STORAGE ( OPTIMAL 4096K );
CREATE PUBLIC ROLLBACK SEGMENT RBS11 TABLESPACE RBS STORAGE ( OPTIMAL 4096K );
CREATE PUBLIC ROLLBACK SEGMENT RBS12 TABLESPACE RBS STORAGE ( OPTIMAL 4096K );
CREATE PUBLIC ROLLBACK SEGMENT RBS13 TABLESPACE RBS STORAGE ( OPTIMAL 4096K );
CREATE PUBLIC ROLLBACK SEGMENT RBS14 TABLESPACE RBS STORAGE ( OPTIMAL 4096K );
CREATE PUBLIC ROLLBACK SEGMENT RBS15 TABLESPACE RBS STORAGE ( OPTIMAL 4096K );
CREATE PUBLIC ROLLBACK SEGMENT RBS16 TABLESPACE RBS STORAGE ( OPTIMAL 4096K );
CREATE PUBLIC ROLLBACK SEGMENT RBS17 TABLESPACE RBS STORAGE ( OPTIMAL 4096K );
CREATE PUBLIC ROLLBACK SEGMENT RBS18 TABLESPACE RBS STORAGE ( OPTIMAL 4096K );
CREATE PUBLIC ROLLBACK SEGMENT RBS19 TABLESPACE RBS STORAGE ( OPTIMAL 4096K );
CREATE PUBLIC ROLLBACK SEGMENT RBS20 TABLESPACE RBS STORAGE ( OPTIMAL 4096K );
CREATE PUBLIC ROLLBACK SEGMENT RBS21 TABLESPACE RBS STORAGE ( OPTIMAL 4096K );
CREATE PUBLIC ROLLBACK SEGMENT RBS22 TABLESPACE RBS STORAGE ( OPTIMAL 4096K );
CREATE PUBLIC ROLLBACK SEGMENT RBS23 TABLESPACE RBS STORAGE ( OPTIMAL 4096K );
CREATE PUBLIC ROLLBACK SEGMENT RBS24 TABLESPACE RBS STORAGE ( OPTIMAL 4096K );

--使回滚段在线
ALTER ROLLBACK SEGMENT "RBS0" ONLINE;
ALTER ROLLBACK SEGMENT "RBS1" ONLINE;
ALTER ROLLBACK SEGMENT "RBS2" ONLINE;
ALTER ROLLBACK SEGMENT "RBS3" ONLINE;
ALTER ROLLBACK SEGMENT "RBS4" ONLINE;
ALTER ROLLBACK SEGMENT "RBS5" ONLINE;
ALTER ROLLBACK SEGMENT "RBS6" ONLINE;
ALTER ROLLBACK SEGMENT "RBS7" ONLINE;
ALTER ROLLBACK SEGMENT "RBS8" ONLINE;
ALTER ROLLBACK SEGMENT "RBS9" ONLINE;
ALTER ROLLBACK SEGMENT "RBS10" ONLINE;
ALTER ROLLBACK SEGMENT "RBS11" ONLINE;
ALTER ROLLBACK SEGMENT "RBS12" ONLINE;
ALTER ROLLBACK SEGMENT "RBS13" ONLINE;
ALTER ROLLBACK SEGMENT "RBS14" ONLINE;
ALTER ROLLBACK SEGMENT "RBS15" ONLINE;
ALTER ROLLBACK SEGMENT "RBS16" ONLINE;
ALTER ROLLBACK SEGMENT "RBS17" ONLINE;
ALTER ROLLBACK SEGMENT "RBS18" ONLINE;
ALTER ROLLBACK SEGMENT "RBS19" ONLINE;
ALTER ROLLBACK SEGMENT "RBS20" ONLINE;
ALTER ROLLBACK SEGMENT "RBS21" ONLINE;
ALTER ROLLBACK SEGMENT "RBS22" ONLINE;
ALTER ROLLBACK SEGMENT "RBS23" ONLINE;
ALTER ROLLBACK SEGMENT "RBS24" ONLINE;

--修改sys用户的临时表空间为TEMP
alter user sys temporary tablespace TEMP;

--创建数据字典表
@D:/Oracle/Ora81/Rdbms/admin/catalog.sql;
@D:/Oracle/Ora81/Rdbms/admin/catexp7.sql
@D:/Oracle/Ora81/Rdbms/admin/catproc.sql
@D:/Oracle/Ora81/Rdbms/admin/caths.sql

connect system/manager
@D:/Oracle/Ora81/sqlplus/admin/pupbld.sql

connect internal/oracle
@D:/Oracle/Ora81/Rdbms/admin/catrep.sql
exit

--生成SQL*Plus帮助系统
sqlplus SYSTEM/manager
@D:/Oracle/Ora81/sqlplus/admin/help/helpbld.sql helpus.sql
exit

--修改system用户默认表空间和临时表空间
svrmgrl
connect internal/oracle
alter user system default tablespace TOOLS;
alter user system temporary tablespace TEMP;
exit

7、将test实例启动服务设置成自动启动方式
D:/Oracle/Ora81/bin/oradim -edit -sid test -startmode auto
 
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