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Alternatives to ios::nocreate and ios::noreplace

发表于2004/10/24 14:20:00  1296人阅读

分类: 语言tips

Alternatives to ios::nocreate and ios::noreplace

In pre-standard C++, certain implementations of <fstream.h> offered the flags ios::nocreate and ios::noreplace for controlling file creation. These flags were too platform-specific and never made it into the standard <fstream> library, which supersedes the deprecated, pre-standard <fstream.h> header. However, you can achieve the functionality of these obsolete flags rather easily. The following example imitates the ios::nocreate flag. First, it attempts to open a file for read. If the file doesn't exist, no new file is created. If the file exists, the program closes it and reopens it in write mode:
 
fstream fs(“fname”, ios_base::in);// attempt open for read
if (!fs)
{
  // file doesn't exist; don't create a new one
}
else //ok, file exists. close and reopen in write mode
{
  fs.close();
  fs.open(“fname”, ios_base::out); // reopen for write
}

You can just do the opposite for ios::noreplace:
 
fstream fs(“fname”, ios_base::in);// attempt open for read
if (!fs)
{
 // file doesn't exist; create a new one
 fs.open(“fname”, ios_base::out); 
}
else //ok, file exists; close and reopen in write mode
{
 fs.close()
 fs.open(“fname”, ios_base::out); // reopen for write
}








 
// however, it seems that MS VC6.0 can not help implement fstream perfectly



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