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Spring起步例子 “Developing a Spring Framework MVC application step-by-step” 剖析(三)

发表于2004/10/5 3:05:00  1994人阅读

6、  spring标签

为了使用spring标签,需要在web.xml中加入

  <taglib>

    <taglib-uri>/spring</taglib-uri>

    <taglib-location>/WEB-INF/spring.tld</taglib-location>

  </taglib>

 

这样就可以在JSP中使用spring标签了:

<%@ include file="/WEB-INF/jsp/include.jsp" %>

<%@ taglib prefix="spring" uri="/spring" %>

 

<html>

<head><title><fmt:message key="title"/></title></head>

<body>

<h1><fmt:message key="priceincrease.heading"/></h1>

<form method="post">

  <table width="95%" bgcolor="f8f8ff" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="5">

    <tr>

      <td alignment="right" width="20%">Increase (%):</td>

      <spring:bind path="priceIncrease.percentage">

        <td width="20%">

          <input type="text" name="percentage" value="<c:out value="${status.value}"/>">

        </td>

        <td width="60%">

          <font color="red"><c:out value="${status.errorMessage}"/></font>

        </td>

      </spring:bind>

    </tr>

  </table>

  <br>

  <spring:hasBindErrors name="priceIncrease">

    <b>Please fix all errors!</b>

  </spring:hasBindErrors>

  <br><br>

  <input type="submit" alignment="center" value="Execute">

</form>

<a href="<c:url value="hello.htm"/>">Home</a>

</body>

</html>

 

7、  SimpleFormController的运作机制

前面说的Controller,比如SpringappController,它们只行使了页面流程控制和model的产生,都与页面的Form无关,也就是说不接受来自页面的提交数据。

为了处理页面的提交数据,那要让Controller继承自SimpleFormController

通常的SimpleFormController定义如下:

public class PriceIncreaseFormController extends SimpleFormController {

    private ProductManager prodMan;

 

    public ModelAndView onSubmit(Object command)

            throws ServletException {

        int increase = ((PriceIncrease) command).getPercentage();

 

        prodMan.increasePrice(increase);

 

        String now = (new java.util.Date()).toString();

 

        Map myModel = new HashMap();

        myModel.put("now", now);

        myModel.put("products", getProductManager().getProducts());

 

        return new ModelAndView(new RedirectView(getSuccessView()));

    }

 

    protected Object formBackingObject(HttpServletRequest request) throws ServletException {

        PriceIncrease priceIncrease = new PriceIncrease();

        priceIncrease.setPercentage(20);

 

        return priceIncrease;

    }

 

    public void setProductManager(ProductManager pm) {

        prodMan = pm;

    }

    public ProductManager getProductManager() {

        return prodMan;

    }

}

 

Controller的区别在于多了2个方法:

public ModelAndView onSubmit(Object command)

protected Object formBackingObject(HttpServletRequest request) throws ServletException

 

在理解SimpleFormController之前,我们先看看springapp-servlet.xml中关于SimpleFormController的定义:

    <bean id="priceIncreaseForm" class="web.PriceIncreaseFormController">

        <property name="sessionForm"><value>true</value></property>

        <property name="commandName"><value>priceIncrease</value></property>

        <property name="commandClass"><value>bus.PriceIncrease</value></property>

        <property name="validator"><ref bean="priceIncreaseValidator"/></property>

        <property name="formView"><value>priceincrease</value></property>

        <property name="successView"><value>hello.htm</value></property>

        <property name="productManager">

            <ref bean="prodMan"/>

        </property>

    </bean>

 

这些定义很好理解,其中这2行:

        <property name="commandName"><value>priceIncrease</value></property>

        <property name="commandClass"><value>bus.PriceIncrease</value></property>

指出了对应页面FORM的元素的类和其实例对象名。(我想不通的是为什么用command,而不是form,大概是认为提交就是命令吧)

 

springapp-servlet.xml中关于页面导向的定义如下:

    <bean id="urlMapping" class="org.springframework.web.servlet.handler.SimpleUrlHandlerMapping">

        <property name="mappings">

            <props>

                <prop key="/hello.htm">springappController</prop>

                <prop key="/priceincrease.htm">priceIncreaseForm</prop>

            </props>

        </property>

    </bean>

 

下面我们看看SimpleFormController的运作机制:

由于它也是一个Controller,所以它的加载机制同其他的Controller。比如也自动初始化了成员属性。

 

当页面请求交给PriceIncreaseFormController处理的时候,它首先调用的是formBackingObject()方法,其作用是加载页面Form元素对应的bean,并赋初始值。完成之后,就产生页面显示。

 

当用户提交FORM时,servlet不是先运行PriceIncreaseFormController. onSubmit()而是先运行了priceIncreaseValidatorsupport()validate (Object obj, Errors errors)方法。如果在校验过程中(即validate (Object obj, Errors errors)方法中),如果发现有数据错误,那么就errors.rejectValue()方法给errors赋值。〔〔errors.rejectValue()方法待研究〕〕

servlet一旦发现errors里面有值,就会中止程序运行而直接返回原来的页面,在页面的某处可以利用errors里面存储的值显示错误信息。

如果校验通过,那么SimpleFormControlleronSubmit方法将启动,其返回值就是将要去的页面。

 

总结一个SimpleFormController的运作全过程:

servlet请求->SimpleFormController.formBackingObject()->显示页面->提交页面-> SimpleFormControllerValidator.validate()->SimpleFormController. onSubmit()->view导向

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