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delphi中用算术表达式算出数学结果的方法。

发表于2008/9/29 9:54:00  646人阅读

近日的一系列工作是做网站的营运维护,因此做了大量的支持工具。有Excel中写VBA的,也有直接C#做的工具。有时需要在C#中执行Excel VBA宏,甚至有时还需要在执行了VBA宏之后,获取返回值再进行相应的处理。为了使用方便,我写了一个执行Excel VBA宏的帮助类 。放在博客里做个备份也希望对有类似需求的朋友有所帮助。

帮助类仅提供了一个方法:RunExcelMacro
参数说明:
        string         excelFilePath  Excel文件路径        
        string         macroName    宏名称
        object[]     parameters     宏参数组
        out object  rtnValue         宏返回值
        bool            isShowExcel   执行时是否显示Excel


补充说明:VBA宏需如下图写在模块中,才能被此方法识别。写在ThisWorkBook中不能被识别。

执行Excel VBA宏帮助类,注释比较详细,不再累赘代码过程。最核心部分其实就是通过反射方式调用Excel VBA宏,oBook.Save()这句话也很重要,否则即使执行了VBA宏调用,也不会保存Excel更改后的内容

  1 using System;
  2 using System.Collections.Generic;
  3 using System.Text;
  4 using Excel = Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel;
  5 using Microsoft.Office.Core;
  6 using System.IO;
  7 
  8 namespace DoVBAMacro
  9 {
 10     /// <summary>
 11     /// 执行Excel VBA宏帮助类
 12     /// </summary>
 13     public class ExcelMacroHelper
 14     {
 15         /// <summary>
 16         /// 执行Excel中的宏
 17         /// </summary>
 18         /// <param name="excelFilePath">Excel文件路径</param>
 19         /// <param name="macroName">宏名称</param>
 20         /// <param name="parameters">宏参数组</param>
 21         /// <param name="rtnValue">宏返回值</param>
 22         /// <param name="isShowExcel">执行时是否显示Excel</param>
 23         public void RunExcelMacro(
 24                                             string excelFilePath,
 25                                             string macroName,
 26                                             object[] parameters,
 27                                             out object rtnValue,
 28                                             bool isShowExcel
 29                                         )
 30         {
 31             try
 32             {
 33                 #region 检查入参
 34 
 35                 // 检查文件是否存在
 36                 if (!File.Exists(excelFilePath))
 37                 {
 38                     throw new System.Exception(excelFilePath + " 文件不存在");
 39                 }
 40 
 41                 // 检查是否输入宏名称
 42                 if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(macroName))
 43                 {
 44                     throw new System.Exception("请输入宏的名称");
 45                 }
 46 
 47                 #endregion
 48 
 49                 #region 调用宏处理
 50 
 51                 // 准备打开Excel文件时的缺省参数对象
 52                 object oMissing = System.Reflection.Missing.Value;
 53 
 54                 // 根据参数组是否为空,准备参数组对象
 55                 object[] paraObjects;
 56 
 57                 if (parameters == null)
 58                 {
 59                     paraObjects = new object[] { macroName };
 60                 }
 61                 else
 62                 {
 63                     // 宏参数组长度
 64                     int paraLength = parameters.Length;
 65 
 66                     paraObjects = new object[paraLength + 1];
 67 
 68                     paraObjects[0= macroName;
 69                     for (int i = 0; i < paraLength; i++)
 70                     {
 71                         paraObjects[i + 1= parameters[i];
 72                     }
 73                 }
 74 
 75                 // 创建Excel对象示例
 76                 Excel.ApplicationClass oExcel = new Excel.ApplicationClass();
 77 
 78                 // 判断是否要求执行时Excel可见
 79                 if (isShowExcel)
 80                 {
 81                     // 使创建的对象可见
 82                     oExcel.Visible = true;
 83                 }
 84 
 85                 // 创建Workbooks对象
 86                 Excel.Workbooks oBooks = oExcel.Workbooks;
 87 
 88                 // 创建Workbook对象
 89                 Excel._Workbook oBook = null;
 90 
 91                 // 打开指定的Excel文件
 92                 oBook = oBooks.Open(
 93                                         excelFilePath,
 94                                         oMissing,
 95                                         oMissing,
 96                                         oMissing,
 97                                         oMissing,
 98                                         oMissing,
 99                                         oMissing,
100                                         oMissing,
101                                         oMissing,
102                                         oMissing,
103                                         oMissing,
104                                         oMissing,
105                                         oMissing,
106                                         oMissing,
107                                         oMissing
108                                    );
109 
110                 // 执行Excel中的宏
111                 rtnValue = this.RunMacro(oExcel, paraObjects);
112 
113                 // 保存更改
114                 oBook.Save();
115 
116                 // 退出Workbook
117                 oBook.Close(false, oMissing, oMissing);
118 
119                 #endregion
120 
121                 #region 释放对象
122 
123                 // 释放Workbook对象
124                 System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal.ReleaseComObject(oBook);
125                 oBook = null;
126 
127                 // 释放Workbooks对象
128                 System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal.ReleaseComObject(oBooks);
129                 oBooks = null;
130 
131                 // 关闭Excel
132                 oExcel.Quit();
133 
134                 // 释放Excel对象
135                 System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal.ReleaseComObject(oExcel);
136                 oExcel = null;
137 
138                 // 调用垃圾回收
139                 GC.Collect();
140 
141                 #endregion
142             }
143             catch (Exception ex)
144             {
145                 throw ex;
146             }
147         }
148 
149         /// <summary>
150         /// 执行宏
151         /// </summary>
152         /// <param name="oApp">Excel对象</param>
153         /// <param name="oRunArgs">参数(第一个参数为指定宏名称,后面为指定宏的参数值)</param>
154         /// <returns>宏返回值</returns>
155         private object RunMacro(object oApp, object[] oRunArgs)
156         {
157             try
158             {
159                 // 声明一个返回对象
160                 object objRtn;
161                 
162                 // 反射方式执行宏
163                 objRtn = oApp.GetType().InvokeMember(
164                                                         "Run",
165                                                         System.Reflection.BindingFlags.Default |
166                                                         System.Reflection.BindingFlags.InvokeMethod,
167                                                         null,
168                                                         oApp,
169                                                         oRunArgs
170                                                      );
171 
172                 // 返回值
173                 return objRtn;
174 
175             }
176             catch (Exception ex)
177             {
178                 // 如果有底层异常,抛出底层异常
179                 if (ex.InnerException.Message.ToString().Length > 0)
180                 {
181                     throw ex.InnerException;
182                 }
183                 else
184                 {
185                     throw ex;
186                 }
187             }
188         }
189     }
190 }
191 

 示例三个VBA宏方法:

 1 Sub getTime()
 2 
 3     Sheet1.Cells(11= Now
 4 
 5 End Sub
 6 
 7 
 8 Sub getTime2(title As String)
 9 
10     Sheet1.Cells(21= title & " : " & Now
11 
12 End Sub
13 
14 Function getTime3(title As String As String
15 
16     getTime3 = title & " : " & Now
17 
18 End Function
19 

对应的三个使用方法
1 不带参数的宏调用(兼演示执行过程显示Excel文件)
2 带参数的宏调用(兼演示执行过程不显示Excel文件)
3 有返回值的宏调用

 1         private void btnExe_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
 2         {
 3             try
 4             {
 5                 // 返回对象
 6                 object objRtn = new object();
 7 
 8                 // 获得一个ExcelMacroHelper对象
 9                 ExcelMacroHelper excelMacroHelper = new ExcelMacroHelper();
10 
11                 // 执行指定Excel中的宏,执行时显示Excel
12                 excelMacroHelper.RunExcelMacro(
13                                                     @"E:/csharp_study/DoVBAMacro/test.xls",
14                                                     "getTime2",
15                                                     new Object[] { "现在时刻" },
16                                                     out objRtn,
17                                                     true
18                                               );
19 
20                 // 执行指定Excel中的宏,执行时不显示Excel
21                 excelMacroHelper.RunExcelMacro(
22                                                     @"E:/csharp_study/DoVBAMacro/test.xls",
23                                                     "getTime2",
24                                                     new Object[] { "现在时刻" },
25                                                     out objRtn,
26                                                     false
27                                                );
28 
29                 // 执行指定Excel中的宏,执行时显示Excel,有返回值
30                 excelMacroHelper.RunExcelMacro(
31                                                     @"E:/csharp_study/DoVBAMacro/test.xls",
32                                                     "getTime3",
33                                                     new Object[] { "现在时刻" },
34                                                     out objRtn,
35                                                     true
36                                                );
37 
38                 MessageBox.Show((string)objRtn);
39 
40             }
41             catch(System.Exception ex)
42             {
43                 MessageBox.Show(ex.Message);
44             }
45         }
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