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html教程(六) 表格标记

发表于2004/9/14 10:02:00  473人阅读

◇ 表格的基本语法

<table>...</table> - 定义表格
<tr> - 定义表行
<th> - 定义表头
<td> - 定义表元(表格的具体数据)

带边框的表格:

<table border>
<tr><th>Food</th><th>Drink</th><th>Sweet</th>
<tr><td>A</td><td>B</td><td>C</td>      
</table>

Food Drink Sweet
A B C


不带边框的表格:

<table>
<tr><th>Food</th><th>Drink</th><th>Sweet</th>
<tr><td>A</td><td>B</td><td>C</td>      
</table>

Food Drink Sweet
A B C

 

◇ 跨多行、多列的表元(Table Span)

跨多列的表元 <th colspan=#>

<table border>
<tr><th colspan=3> Morning Menu</th>
<tr><th>Food</th>       <th>Drink</th>  <th>Sweet</th>
<tr><td>A</td><td>B</td><td>C</td>
</table>

Morning Menu
Food Drink Sweet
A B C

跨多行的表元 <th rowspan=#>

<table border>
<tr><th rowspan=3> Morning Menu</th>
        <th>Food</th> <td>A</td></tr>
<tr><th>Drink</th> <td>B</td></tr>
<tr><th>Sweet</th> <td>C</td></tr>
</table>

Morning Menu Food A
Drink B
Sweet C

 

◇ 表格尺寸设置

<table border=#>

边框尺寸设置:

<table border=10>
<tr><th>Food</th><th>Drink</th><th>Sweet</th>
<tr><td>A</td><td>B</td><td>C</td>      
</table>

Food Drink Sweet
A B C

<table border width=# height=#>

表格尺寸设置:

<table border width=170 height=100>
<tr><th>Food</th><th>Drink</th><th>Sweet</th>
<tr><td>A</td><td>B</td><td>C</td>      
</table>

Food Drink Sweet
A B C

<table border cellspacing=#>

表元间隙设置:

<table border cellspacing=10>
<tr><th>Food</th><th>Drink</th><th>Sweet</th>
<tr><td>A</td><td>B</td><td>C</td>      
</table>

Food Drink Sweet
A B C

<table border cellpadding=#>

表元内部空白设置:

<table border cellpadding=10>
<tr><th>Food</th><th>Drink</th><th>Sweet</th>
<tr><td>A</td><td>B</td><td>C</td>      
</table>

Food Drink Sweet
A B C

 

◇ 表格内文字的对齐/布局

<tr align=#>

<th align=#> #=left, center, right

<td align=#>

<table border width=160>
<tr>
                <th>Food</th><th>Drink</th><th>Sweet</th>
<tr>
                <td align=left>A</td>
                <td align=center>B</td>
                <td align=right>C</td>  
</table>

Food Drink Sweet
A B C

<tr valign=#>

<th valign=#> #=top, middle, bottom, baseline

<td valign=#>

<table border height=100>
<tr>
                <th>Food</th><th>Drink</th>
                <th>Sweet</th><th>Other</th>
<tr>
                <td valign=top>A</td>
                <td valign=middle>B</td>
                <td valign=bottom>C</td>
                <td valign=baseline>D</td>
</table>

Food Drink Sweet Other
A B C D

 

◇ 表格在页面中的对齐/布局(Floating Table)

<table align=left>

<table align="left" border>
<tr><th>Food</th><th>Drink</th><th>Sweet</th>
<tr><td>A</td><td>B</td><td>C</td>
</table>
My favorites...<br>
cookies, chocolates, and more.
Food Drink Sweet
A B C

My favorites...
cookies, chocolates, and more.

<table align=right>

Food Drink Sweet
A B C

My favorites...
cookies, chocolates, and more.

 

<table vspace=# hspace=#> #=space value netscape.gif (168 bytes)

<table align="left" border vspace=20 hspace=30>
<tr><th>Food</th><th>Drink</th><th>Sweet</th>
<tr><td>A</td><td>B</td><td>C</td>
</table>
My favorites...<br>
cookies, chocolates, and more.
Food Drink Sweet
A B C

My favorites...
cookies, chocolates, and more.

◇ 表格的标题

<caption align=#> ... </caption> #=left, center, right

<table border>
<caption align=center>Lunch</caption>
<tr><th>Food</th><th>Drink</th><th>Sweet</th>
<tr><td>A</td><td>B</td><td>C</td>      
</table>
Lunch

Food Drink Sweet
A B C

<caption valign=#> ... </caption> #=top, bottom

  • valign=top is default.
<table border>
<caption valign=bottom>Lunch</caption>
<tr><th>Food</th><th>Drink</th><th>Sweet</th>
<tr><td>A</td><td>B</td><td>C</td>      
</table>
Lunch

Food Drink Sweet
A B C
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