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三步学会Java Socket编程3

发表于2004/11/2 23:51:00  777人阅读

第三步 实现信息共享:在Socket上的实时交流

  网络的伟大之一也是信息共享,Server可以主动向所有Client广播消息,同时Client也可以向其它Client发布消息。下面看看如何开发一个可以实时传递消息的程序。

  设计原理:

  服务器端接受客户端的连接请求,同时启动一个线程处理这个连接,线程不停的读取客户端输入,然后把输入加入队列中,等候处理。在线程启动的同时将线程加入队列中,以便在需要的时候定位和取出。

  {源码}

import java.io.*;
import java.net.*;
import java.util.*;
import java.lang.*;

public class Server extends ServerSocket
{
private static ArrayList User_List = new ArrayList();
private static ArrayList Threader = new ArrayList();
private static LinkedList Message_Array = new LinkedList();
private static int Thread_Counter = 0;
private static boolean isClear = true;
protected static final int SERVER_PORT = 10000;
protected FileOutputStream LOG_FILE = new FileOutputStream("d:/connect.log", true);

public Server() throws FileNotFoundException, IOException
{
super(SERVER_PORT);
new Broadcast();

//append connection log
Calendar now = Calendar.getInstance();
String str = "[" + now.getTime().toString() + "] Accepted a connection/015/012";
byte[] tmp = str.getBytes();
LOG_FILE.write(tmp);

try
{
while (true)
{
Socket socket = accept();
new CreateServerThread(socket);
}
}
finally
{
close();
}
}

public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException
{
new Server();
}

//--- Broadcast
class Broadcast extends Thread
{
public Broadcast()
{
start();
}

public void run()
{
while (true)
{
if (!isClear)
{
String tmp = (String)Message_Array.getFirst();

for (int i = 0; i < Threader.size(); i++)
{
CreateServerThread client = (CreateServerThread)Threader.get(i);
client.sendMessage(tmp);
}

Message_Array.removeFirst();
isClear = Message_Array.size() > 0 ? false : true;
}
}
}
}

//--- CreateServerThread
class CreateServerThread extends Thread
{
private Socket client;
private BufferedReader in;
private PrintWriter out;
private String Username;

public CreateServerThread(Socket s) throws IOException
{
client = s;
in = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(client.getInputStream()));
out = new PrintWriter(client.getOutputStream(), true);
out.println("--- Welcome to this chatroom ---");
out.println("Input your nickname:");
start();
}

public void sendMessage(String msg)
{
out.println(msg);
}

public void run()
{
try
{
int flag = 0;
Thread_Counter++;
String line = in.readLine();

while (!line.equals("bye"))
{
if (line.equals("l"))
{
out.println(listOnlineUsers());
line = in.readLine();
continue;
}

if (flag++ == 0)
{
Username = line;
User_List.add(Username);
out.println(listOnlineUsers());
Threader.add(this);
pushMessage("[< " + Username + " come on in >]");
}
else
{
pushMessage("<" + Username + ">" + line);
}

line = in.readLine();
}

out.println("--- See you, bye! ---");
client.close();
}
catch (IOException e)
{}
finally
{
try
{
client.close();
}
catch (IOException e)
{}

Thread_Counter--;
Threader.remove(this);
User_List.remove(Username);
pushMessage("[< " + Username + " left>]");
}
}


private String listOnlineUsers()
{
String s ="-+- Online list -+-/015/012";

for (int i = 0; i < User_List.size(); i++)
{
s += "[" + User_List.get(i) + "]/015/012";
}

s += "-+---------------------+-";
return s;
}

private void pushMessage(String msg)
{
Message_Array.addLast(msg);
isClear = false;
}
}
}



  这就是程序运行后,多用户登陆并且输入信息后的屏幕。实现了信息的实时广播。用户输入"l"就可以列出在线人员表
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