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用Visual C#实现文件下载功能

发表于2004/10/16 23:50:00  939人阅读

  using System;
  using System.Drawing;
  using System.Collections;
  using System.ComponentModel;
  using System.Windows.Forms;
  using System.Data;
  using System.Net;
  using System.IO;
  using System.Threading;
  
  namespace MyGetCar
  {
  ///
  /// Form1 的摘要说明。
  ///
  public class Form1 : System.Windows.Forms.Form
  {
  private System.Windows.Forms.Label label1;
  private System.Windows.Forms.Label label2;
  private System.Windows.Forms.TextBox srcAddress;
  private System.Windows.Forms.TextBox tarAddress;
  private System.Windows.Forms.StatusBar statusBar;
  private System.Windows.Forms.Button Start;
  
  private WebClient client = new WebClient();
  
  ///
  /// 必需的设计器变量。
  ///
  private System.ComponentModel.Container components = null;
  
  public Form1()
  {
  //
  // Windows 窗体设计器支持所必需的
  //
  InitializeComponent();
  
  //
  // TODO: 在 InitializeComponent 调用后添加任何构造函数代码
  //
  }
  
  ///
  /// 清理所有正在使用的资源。
  ///
  protected override void Dispose( bool disposing )
  {
  if( disposing )
  {
  if (components != null)
  {
  components.Dispose();
  }
  }
  base.Dispose( disposing );
  }
  
  #region Windows Form Designer generated code
  ///
  /// 设计器支持所需的方法 - 不要使用代码编辑器修改
  /// 此方法的内容。
  ///
  private void InitializeComponent()
  {
  this.label1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
  this.label2 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
  this.srcAddress = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
  this.tarAddress = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
  this.statusBar = new System.Windows.Forms.StatusBar();
  this.Start = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
  this.SuspendLayout();
  //
  // label1
  //
  this.label1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 32);
  this.label1.Name = "label1";
  this.label1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(72, 23);
  this.label1.TabIndex = 0;
  this.label1.Text = "文件地址:";
  this.label1.TextAlign = System.Drawing.ContentAlignment.MiddleRight;
  //
  // label2
  //
  this.label2.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 72);
  this.label2.Name = "label2";
  this.label2.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(72, 23);
  this.label2.TabIndex = 1;
  this.label2.Text = "另存到:";
  this.label2.TextAlign = System.Drawing.ContentAlignment.MiddleRight;
  //
  // srcAddress
  //
  this.srcAddress.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(80, 32);
  this.srcAddress.Name = "srcAddress";
  this.srcAddress.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(216, 21);
  this.srcAddress.TabIndex = 2;
  this.srcAddress.Text = "";
  //
  // tarAddress
  //
  this.tarAddress.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(80, 72);
  this.tarAddress.Name = "tarAddress";
  this.tarAddress.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(216, 21);
  this.tarAddress.TabIndex = 3;
  this.tarAddress.Text = "";
  //
  // statusBar
  //
  this.statusBar.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(0, 151);
  this.statusBar.Name = "statusBar";
  this.statusBar.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(312, 22);
  this.statusBar.TabIndex = 4;
  //
  // Start
  //
  this.Start.FlatStyle = System.Windows.Forms.FlatStyle.Flat;
  this.Start.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(216, 112);
  this.Start.Name = "Start";
  this.Start.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(75, 24);
  this.Start.TabIndex = 5;
  this.Start.Text = "开始下载";
  this.Start.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.Start_Click);
  //
  // Form1
  //
  this.AutoScaleBaseSize = new System.Drawing.Size(6, 14);
  this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(312, 173);
  this.Controls.AddRange(new System.Windows.Forms.Control[] {
  this.Start,
  this.statusBar,
  this.tarAddress,
  this.srcAddress,
  this.label2,
  this.label1});
  this.MaximizeBox = false;
  this.Name = "Form1";
  this.Text = "文件下载器";
  this.ResumeLayout(false);
  
  }
  #endregion
  
  ///
  /// 应用程序的主入口点。
  ///
  [STAThread]
  static void Main()
  {
  Application.Run(new Form1());
  }
  
  private void StartDownload()
  {
  Start.Enabled = false;
  string URL = srcAddress.Text;
  int n = URL.LastIndexOf('/');
  string URLAddress = URL.Substring(0,n);
  string fileName = URL.Substring(n+1,URL.Length-n-1);
  string Dir = tarAddress.Text;
  string Path = Dir+'//'+fileName;
  
  try
  {
  WebRequest myre=WebRequest.Create(URLAddress);
  }
  catch(WebException exp)
  {
  MessageBox.Show(exp.Message,"Error");
  }
  
  try
  {
  statusBar.Text = "开始下载文件...";
  client.DownloadFile(URLAddress,fileName);
  Stream str = client.OpenRead(URLAddress);
  StreamReader reader = new StreamReader(str);
  byte[] mbyte = new byte[100000];
  int allmybyte = (int)mbyte.Length;
  int startmbyte = 0;
  statusBar.Text = "正在接收数据...";
  while(allmybyte>0)
  {
  int m = str.Read(mbyte,startmbyte,allmybyte);
  if(m==0)
  break;
  
  startmbyte+=m;
  allmybyte-=m;
  }
  
  FileStream fstr = new FileStream(Path,FileMode.OpenOrCreate,FileAccess.Write);
  fstr.Write(mbyte,0,startmbyte);
  str.Close();
  fstr.Close();
  
  statusBar.Text = "下载完毕!";
  }
  catch(WebException exp)
  {
  MessageBox.Show(exp.Message,"Error");
  statusBar.Text = "";
  }
  
  Start.Enabled = true;
  }
  
  
  private void Start_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
  {
  Thread th = new Thread(new ThreadStart(StartDownload));
  th.Start();
  }
  }
  }
  
  
    程序完毕,运行程序图示如下:
  
  
  (开始下载文件时)
  
  
  
  (文件下载完毕时)
  
    四.总结:
  
    以上我通过一个实例向大家展示了如何用Visual C#实现网络文件的下载,我们不难发现用Visual C#进行Internet通讯编程是非常方便的。在上面的程序中,我们仅仅用到了WebClient类的一些方法,而WebClient类不光提供了网络文件下载的方法,还提供了文件上传的方法,有兴趣的读者不妨一试――用之实现一个文件上传器。同时这个程序只是一个非常简单的例子,程序下载完一个网页后,它所获得的仅仅是主页面的内容,并不能获得其中的图片、CSS等文件,所以要做出一个比较好的文件下载器还需读者进一步改进之。
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