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IT新词

发表于2001/6/7 15:33:00  745人阅读

IT新词集锦

木子石




Freenet

A community-based computer BBS and Internet service provider,usually operated by volunteers and providing free access to subscribers in the community or access for a very small fee.Many freenets are operated by public libraries or universities.

Censorship

The action of preventing material that a party considers objectionable from circulating within a system of communication over which that party has some power.The Internet as a whole is not censored,but some parts of it come under varying degrees of control.A news server,for example,often is set to exclude any or all of the alt.newsgroups,such as alt.sex.* or alt.music.white-power,which are unmoderated and tend to be controversial.A moderated newsgroup or mailing list may be considered to be“censored”because the moderator will usually delete highly controversial and obscene content or content that is on a different topic from that followed by the newsgroup.Online services have identifiable owners,who often take some share of responsibility for what reaches their users? computer screens.In some countries,censorship of certain political or cultural Web sites is a matter of national policy.

Censorware

Software that imposes restrictions on what Internet sites,newsgroups,or files may be accessed by the user.

Cut and Paste

A procedure in which the computer acts as an electronic combination of scissors and glue for reorganizing a document or for compiling a document from different sources.In cut and paste,the portion of a document to be moved is selected,removed to storage in memory or on disk,and then reinserted into the same or a different document.

Cookie Filtering Tool

A utility that prevents a cookie on a Web browser from relaying information about the user requesting access to a Web site.

免费网

基于社区的计算机BBS或因特网服务提供商,通常由志愿者经营管理,在社区内免费或收取极少的费用提供接入服务。许多免费网由公共图书馆或大学经管。

审查制度

一个团体对其认为在通信系统内传播会引起争议的材料所采取的阻止行动,该团体具有某种控制权。因特网从总体上不接受审查,但其某些部分处于不同程度的控制之下。比如,一台新闻服务器常常被设置为不包括部分或全部alt.新闻组,如alt.sex.*或alt.music.white-power,这些新闻组无节制,并且可能引起争论。一种有节制的新闻组或邮寄列表可被认为是“受过审查的”,因为审查人员通常将删除争议性很强和淫秽的内容,或偏离该新闻组主题的内容。在线服务有可辨认的业主,他们常常对送到其计算机用户屏幕上的内容分担一定的责任。有些国家,对一些政治或文化Web站点的审查是国家政策问题。

审查件

对用户可能访问的因特网站点、新闻组或文件加以强行限制的软件。

剪与贴

使计算机完成类似于剪刀和胶水的电子粘合剂的操作的一种程序,用于重组文档或编译不同来源的文档。在剪贴操作中,选择所要移动的文档部分,移动到内存或磁盘中进行存储,然后重新插入到同一文档或不同的文档中。

“曲奇”过滤工具

一种阻止Web浏览器上的“曲奇”分程传递有关用户请求接入Web站点信息的实用程序。

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