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IBM AIX 191认证考试学习笔记一(2004.9.17)

发表于2004/9/17 21:22:00  662人阅读

分类: 学习笔记

必须掌握的学习要点:

Identify customer’s needs (for example, architecture, scalability, physical
requirements, and so on).了解用户需求
 Establish strategy for crisis recovery.制订灾难恢复策略
 Install base operating system.安装基本操作系统
 Perform initial configurations (for example, networks, paging space, date/time,
root password, and so on).进行初始化配置
Chapter 1. Certification overview 3
 Install LPPs.安装LPPs
 Install and configure other software systems (for example, Netscape).安装并配置别的软件系统
 Apply software updates.进行软件升级
 Remove software.卸载软件
 Upgrade operating system (for example, preservation and migration
upgrades).升级操作系统(保留或合并升级)???
 Create and install a mksysb创建和安装一个 mksysb
 Upgrade hardware.升级硬件
 Configure printers and queues (for example, add, change, show, or delete
printers and queues).配置打印机和队列
 Configure and manage resources (for example, manage cron, configure
skulkers, configure power management).配置和管理资源
 Configure devices (for example, cfgmgr, TTY, parallel and manual devices).配置设备
 Configure subsystems and subservers (for example, start/stop system
resource manager).配置子系统和子服务器
Problem determination
The following are the problem determination topics.
 Troubleshoot problems with hardware installation (for example, cable
connections).硬件安装故障判断
 Troubleshoot problems with software installation (LED hang, system hang).软件安装故障判断(系统挂起)
 Troubleshoot problems with software (disk space, prerequisites, lslpp, and so
on).软件故障判断
 Troubleshoot hardware (for example, hardware parameters, cfgmgr,
prerequisites, ODM tools).故障解决(使用类似cfgmgr等工具)
 Evaluate performance and resource problems (for example, check log files,
skulkers, ps -ef).评价性能和资源问题(例如,检查日志文件,使用skulkers,ps-ef等命令)
System and user maintenance
The following are the system and user maintenance topics.
 Identify suspect hardware components before hard failure by monitoring error
logs.通过察看错误日志,在出现硬件故障前鉴定有问题的硬件部件
 Install necessary patches to prevent known problems.安装必要的补丁来避免所知问题的发生
 Reboot servers (gracefully).重起服务器
 Add, delete, and modify users.增加,删除和修改用户

Modify user environment (for example, modify initialization files, edit .profile,
edit dtwmrc, and so on).修改用户环境
 Modify system environment.修改系统环境
 Work with Volume Groups (add, import, remove, export, modify, list, and so
on).使用VG
 Work with physical volumes (add, list).使用PV
 Work with logical volumes (add, remove modify, list, and so on).
 Work with file systems (for example, create, remove, modify, list, and so on).
 Modify paging space (increase size, add, remove, activate, list, and so on).
 Troubleshoot file system problems (for example, mount/unmount problems,
file system full, and so on).
 Troubleshoot paging space problems (for example, low paging space
conditions).
 Troubleshoot device related problems (for example, file system not available
at IPL, volume group not varying on IPL, SCSI device problems, and so on).
 Back up the system.
 Back up the applications.
 Back up the application data files.
 Restore files from tape.
 Establish a backup and recovery process based upon customer
requirements.
 Recover the system.
Communications
The following are the communications topics.
 Install device driver.
 Work with TCP/IP daemons (for example, start and stop TCP/IP daemons).
 Create interface (set IP address, set subnet mask, configure DNS).
 Configure interface (define node, gateway).
 Modify interface (change IP parameters).
 Configure TCP/IP services.
 Work with NFS (for example, start and stop NFS).
 Export directory (exportfs).
 Mount remote file system.
Chapter 1. Certification overview 5
 Troubleshoot hardware communications problems (for example device
unavailable, device not functioning and so on).
 Perform TCP/IP troubleshooting (for example, daemons will not start/stop,
cannot create a telnet session on a server, user cannot log on to server, and
so on).
 Perform NFS troubleshooting (for example NFS daemon will not start/stop,
host server is not responding, permission denied error messages).
System performance
The following are the system performance topics.
 Manage CPU and memory resources (for example, display CPU/memory
usage, start/stop a processor, and so on).
 Manage I/O performance resources.
 Manage network performance resources (show network, I/O counts,
connections and queues).
 Manage workloads (for example, scheduling, setting up job queue, and so
on).
 Manage disk/data (partitions, RAID, mirroring, defragmenting file systems,
and so on).
Security
The following is the security topic.
 Modify default password attributes for system users (for example, maxage,
maxlength, maxexpire, minrepeat, and so on)

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