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《用户需求说明书》模板的简要探讨

发表于2003/8/18 10:01:00  2977人阅读

 《用户需求说明书》模板的简要探讨

在与客户交流、查阅业务资料等一系列需求获取和分析工作后,有必要及时整理用户需求,并建立需求文档。本文结合笔者的实践和相关资料给出了一个需求说明书的格式模板,希望能够起到抛砖引玉的作用,同大家作进一步探讨。

XXXX项目用户需求说明书

 

文件状态:

[√] 草稿

[  ] 正式发布

[  ] 正在修改

文件标识:

Project No.XXX-RD-RF No.XXX

当前版本:

X.Y

    者:

 

完成日期:

Year-Month-Day

关于文件的其他属性还可以根据需要添加诸如需求认可负责人、涉及的产品版本号、关联文档编号等内容。

版 本 历 史

版本/状态

作者

参与者

起止日期

备注

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

目录

0. 文档介绍  ······························································ 4
0.1 文档目的 ······························································4
0.2 文档范围 ······························································4
0.3 读者对象 ······························································4
0.4 参考文档 ······························································4
0.5 术语与缩写解释 ······························································4
1. 产品介绍 ······························································5
2. 产品面向的用户群体 ······························································5
3. 产品应当遵循的标准或规范 ······························································5
4.同类产品

5. 产品的功能性需求 ······························································5
5.0 功能性需求分类 ······························································5
5.n 功能(特征描叙) N ······························································6
5.n.x 功能 N.x ······························································6
6. 产品的非功能性需求 ······························································6
6.1 用户界面需求 ······························································6
6.2 软硬件环境需求 ······························································6
6.3 产品质量需求 ······························································6
6.N 其它需求 ······························································6 

附录A:

0. 文档介绍

0.1 文档目的

0.2 文档范围

0.3 读者对象

0.4 参考文档

提示:列出本文档的所有参考文献(包括非正式出版物),格式如下:

[序号标识符] 作者,文献名称,出版单位(或归属单位),日期

例如:

[P1-MF] Author,计量开发规范,机构名称,日期

0.5 术语与缩写解释

缩写、术语

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 1. 产品介绍

产品介绍主要说明产品特征、用途,项目背景等

2.产品用户群体

1)描述本产品面向的用户(客户、最终用户)的特征,

2)说明产品对他们的用处,带来的利益,用户可能的购买比例

3.同类产品情况

作为参考依据

4. 产品应当遵循的标准或规范

阐述本产品应当遵循什么标准、规范或业务规则 

5. 产品的功能性需求

5.0 功能性需求分类

提示:将功能性需求先粗分再细分,下表中的 Feature A, Function A.1等符号应当被替换成有含义的名称。

 

功能类别

子功能

Feature A

Function A.1

Function A.2

Feature B

Function B.1

Function B.2

 

 

 5.n功能(特征描叙) N

5.n.m Function N.M

功能描述:

 ……

6. 产品的非功能性需求

6.1 用户界面需求

需求名称

详细要求

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 6.2 软硬件环境需求

需求名称

详细要求

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6.3 产品质量需求

主要质量属性

详细要求

正确性

 

健壮性

 

可靠

 

运行效率

 

易用性

 

友好性

 

安全性

 

可扩展性

 

兼容性

 

可移植性

 

 

6.n 其它需求

 附录A

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