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外键开关

发表于2004/4/22 14:34:00  1602人阅读

分类: SQL

最近在做假资料时经常需要删除一些表中的内容。但是:

设置外键后,想删除表中的数据无法删除,这时需删除外键后重建,
或找到外键后用 alter table 表名 nocheck 外键名 来暂时屏蔽外键,然后删除。
干脆写个存储过程,设置外键的开关。
exec fk_switch '表名',0 屏蔽外键
exec fk_switch '表名',1 重启外键

/* Usage:
exec fk_switch 'tableName',0
delete tableName where fieldName = 'abc'
-- truncate table tableName
exec fk_switch 'tableName',1
*/
Create proc fk_switch @tableName varchar(20),@status bit
As
declare @fk varchar(50),@fktable varchar(20)
declare @s varchar(1000)
declare cur cursor for
 select b.name as fkname,c.name as fktablename
 from sysforeignkeys a
 join sysobjects b on a.constid = b.id
 join sysobjects c on a.fkeyid = c.id
 join sysobjects d on a.rkeyid = d.id
 where d.name = @tableName
open cur
fetch next from cur into @fk,@fktable
while @@fetch_status = 0
begin
 if @status = 0
 begin
  set @s = 'alter table '+@fktable+' nocheck constraint '+ @fk
  print @s
 end
 else
 begin
  set @s = 'alter table '+@fktable+' check constraint '+ @fk
  print @s
 end
 exec(@s)
 fetch next from cur into @fk,@fktable
end
close cur
deallocate cur

go

 

--以下为测试:
create table A (id int primary key)
go
create table B(id int,
   constraint fk_B_A foreign key (id) references A (id))
go
create table C(id int,
   constraint fk_C_A foreign key (id) references A (id))
go
insert A values (1)
insert B values(1)
insert C values (1)

--1:
delete a
/*****
服务器: 消息 547,级别 16,状态 1,行 1
DELETE statement conflicted with COLUMN REFERENCE constraint 'fk_B_A'. The conflict occurred in database 'pubs', table 'B', column 'id'.
The statement has been terminated.
*******/

--2:
begin tran
exec fk_switch 'A',0
delete  A 
exec fk_switch 'A',1 
rollback
/*
alter table B nocheck constraint fk_B_A
alter table C nocheck constraint fk_C_A

(所影响的行数为 1 行)

alter table B check constraint fk_B_A
alter table C check constraint fk_C_A
*/

--3: 清除测试表
drop table A,B,C
go

 

 

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