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base64编码/解码

发表于2004/4/22 14:43:00  2020人阅读

分类: JavaScript

编者:解决了对中文的不支持问题.
先用escape()对中文进行编码.然后再进行base64编码.
解码时,再加入unescape()对中文进行解码.

<html>
   <head>
      <title>base64 Encoding/Decoding</title>
   </head>

   <script type="text/javascript"><!--

   var keyStr = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOP" +
                "QRSTUVWXYZabcdef" +
                "ghijklmnopqrstuv" +
                "wxyz0123456789+/" +
                "=";

   function encode64(input) {
      input = escape(input);
      var output = "";
      var chr1, chr2, chr3 = "";
      var enc1, enc2, enc3, enc4 = "";
      var i = 0;

      do {
         chr1 = input.charCodeAt(i++);
         chr2 = input.charCodeAt(i++);
         chr3 = input.charCodeAt(i++);

         enc1 = chr1 >> 2;
         enc2 = ((chr1 & 3) << 4) | (chr2 >> 4);
         enc3 = ((chr2 & 15) << 2) | (chr3 >> 6);
         enc4 = chr3 & 63;

         if (isNaN(chr2)) {
            enc3 = enc4 = 64;
         } else if (isNaN(chr3)) {
            enc4 = 64;
         }

         output = output +
            keyStr.charAt(enc1) +
            keyStr.charAt(enc2) +
            keyStr.charAt(enc3) +
            keyStr.charAt(enc4);
         chr1 = chr2 = chr3 = "";
         enc1 = enc2 = enc3 = enc4 = "";
      } while (i < input.length);

      return output;
   }

   function decode64(input) {
      var output = "";
      var chr1, chr2, chr3 = "";
      var enc1, enc2, enc3, enc4 = "";
      var i = 0;

      // remove all characters that are not A-Z, a-z, 0-9, +, /, or =
      var base64test = /[^A-Za-z0-9/+///=]/g;
      if (base64test.exec(input)) {
         alert("There were invalid base64 characters in the input text./n" +
               "Valid base64 characters are A-Z, a-z, 0-9, '+', '/', and '='/n" +
               "Expect errors in decoding.");
      }
      input = input.replace(/[^A-Za-z0-9/+///=]/g, "");

      do {
         enc1 = keyStr.indexOf(input.charAt(i++));
         enc2 = keyStr.indexOf(input.charAt(i++));
         enc3 = keyStr.indexOf(input.charAt(i++));
         enc4 = keyStr.indexOf(input.charAt(i++));

         chr1 = (enc1 << 2) | (enc2 >> 4);
         chr2 = ((enc2 & 15) << 4) | (enc3 >> 2);
         chr3 = ((enc3 & 3) << 6) | enc4;

         output = output + String.fromCharCode(chr1);

         if (enc3 != 64) {
            output = output + String.fromCharCode(chr2);
         }
         if (enc4 != 64) {
            output = output + String.fromCharCode(chr3);
         }

         chr1 = chr2 = chr3 = "";
         enc1 = enc2 = enc3 = enc4 = "";

      } while (i < input.length);

      return unescape(output);
   }

   //--></script>

   <body>

      <form name="base64Form">

         Type in the message you want to encode in base64, or paste<br>
         base64 encoded text into the text field, select Encode or Decode, <br>
         and click the button!<br>

         <textarea name="theText" cols="40" rows="6"></textarea><br>

         <input type="button" name="encode" value="Encode to base64"
            onClick="document.base64Form.theText.value=encode64(document.base64Form.theText.value);">
         <input type="button" name="decode" value="Decode from base64"
            onClick="document.base64Form.theText.value=decode64(document.base64Form.theText.value);">

      </form>

   </body>
</html>

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