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学习笔记:社会科学的特质

发表于2004/5/10 17:52:00  2078人阅读

Earl R. Babbie是社会科学界的泰斗,他在Survey research methods一书中总结的社会科学特点包括(懒得翻译了,直接抄写在这里):

Logical: Scientists use inductive and deductive logic to achieve their goals. Theories must not contain logical inconsistencies.

Deterministic: Scientists assume that events happen for reasons. Things do not "just happen."

General: The aim is to understand overall patterns of events. The larger the scope that is explained, the more useful it is.

Parsimonious: The aim is to gain the greatest amount of understanding from the smallest number of variables.

Specific: The scientist must be specific about the methods of measurement used to investigate a given phenomenon.

Empirically verifiable: Propositions and theories must be testable in the real world.

Intersubjective: Descriptions of observations are sufficiently detailed that other scientists should be able to replicate the observations.

Open to modification: As time passes, new evidence may be expected to revise existing ways of thinking about a phenomenon.

这里(http://www.china-socialwork.org/socialSencise.htm)有一篇北大邱泽奇博士翻译的Earl R. Babbie的文章“社会科学研究的价值目的”,文章不错,但乱码较多。当然,国内也翻译了不少Earl R. Babbie的经典著作,还是直接看书比较过瘾。

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