CSDN博客

img wbryfl

安装 RedHat Linux AS4.0 后花屏的解决方法收藏

发表于2008/9/28 18:40:00  517人阅读

分类: Linux

    在虚拟机上安装 RedHat Linux AS4.0 后,由于视频配置时选择颜色深度太高,把 16 位色配置为 24 位色,导致打开图形界面时出现花屏,屏幕宽度非常大,严重变形,不能操作。

    既然是显卡配置部分出现问题,就必须修改该部分的配置信息。在这种情况下,这些应该进入单用户模式下完成:

    首先重新启动机器,在出现 grub 后,按字母“e”,然后会出现 grub 的配置文件,再按键盘移动光标到第二行“Kernal……”,再按“e”,然后在编辑界面输入 single,回车。然后按“b”重启,就进入了“单用户模式”。
    进入后在提示符 # 后敲入:vi /etc/X11/xorg.conf,然后会打开这个视频配置文件,再输入“/Screen”(注意S是大写)检索到 Screen 部分,会显示相关的配置的地方。

    然后您按“i”键进入Vi编辑器的插入模式,把光标移动到“24”的位置,把这里的 24 改为 16,然后按 ESC 键返回命令模式,按冒号“:”,输入 wq,回车,保存、退出。键入 reboot 命令,回车,重新启动,图形界面就出来了!

    以下是一个正确的 xorg.conf 文件的内容:

    # XFree86 4 configuration created by pyxf86config

    Section "ServerLayout"
     Identifier     "Default Layout"
     Screen      0  "Screen0" 0 0
     InputDevice    "Mouse0" "CorePointer"
     InputDevice    "Keyboard0" "CoreKeyboard"
    EndSection

    Section "Files"

    # RgbPath is the location of the RGB database.  Note, this is the name of the
    # file minus the extension (like ".txt" or ".db").  There is normally
    # no need to change the default.
    # Multiple FontPath entries are allowed (they are concatenated together)
    # By default, Red Hat 6.0 and later now use a font server independent of
    # the X server to render fonts.
     RgbPath      "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/rgb"
     FontPath     "unix/:7100"
    EndSection

    Section "Module"
     Load  "dbe"
     Load  "extmod"
     Load  "fbdevhw"
     Load  "glx"
     Load  "record"
     Load  "freetype"
     Load  "type1"
     Load  "dri"
    EndSection

    Section "InputDevice"

    # Specify which keyboard LEDs can be user-controlled (eg, with xset(1))
    # Option "Xleds"  "1 2 3"
    # To disable the XKEYBOARD extension, uncomment XkbDisable.
    # Option "XkbDisable"
    # To customise the XKB settings to suit your keyboard, modify the
    # lines below (which are the defaults).  For example, for a non-U.S.
    # keyboard, you will probably want to use:
    # Option "XkbModel" "pc102"
    # If you have a US Microsoft Natural keyboard, you can use:
    # Option "XkbModel" "microsoft"
    #
    # Then to change the language, change the Layout setting.
    # For example, a german layout can be obtained with:
    # Option "XkbLayout" "de"
    # or:
    # Option "XkbLayout" "de"
    # Option "XkbVariant" "nodeadkeys"
    #
    # If you'd like to switch the positions of your capslock and
    # control keys, use:
    # Option "XkbOptions" "ctrl:swapcaps"
    # Or if you just want both to be control, use:
    # Option "XkbOptions" "ctrl:nocaps"
    #
     Identifier  "Keyboard0"
     Driver      "kbd"
     Option     "XkbModel" "pc105"
     Option     "XkbLayout" "us"
    EndSection

    Section "InputDevice"
     Identifier  "Mouse0"
     Driver      "mouse"
     Option     "Protocol" "IMPS/2"
     Option     "Device" "/dev/input/mice"
     Option     "ZAxisMapping" "4 5"
     Option     "Emulate3Buttons" "yes"
    EndSection

    Section "Monitor"
     Identifier   "Monitor0"
     VendorName   "Monitor Vendor"
     ModelName    "Unknown monitor"
     HorizSync    31.5 - 37.9
     VertRefresh  50.0 - 70.0
     Option     "dpms"
    EndSection

    Section "Device"
     Identifier  "Videocard0"
     Driver      "s3"
     VendorName  "Videocard vendor"
     BoardName   "S3 Trio64 (generic)"
    EndSection

    Section "Screen"
     Identifier "Screen0"
     Device     "Videocard0"
     Monitor    "Monitor0"
     DefaultDepth    16
     SubSection "Display"
      Viewport   0 0
      Depth     16
      Modes    "800x600" "640x480"
     EndSubSection
     SubSection "Display"
      Viewport   0 0
      Depth    16
      Modes    "800x600" "640x480"
     EndSubSection
    EndSection

    Section "DRI"
     Group        0
     Mode         0666
    EndSection

    注意以上的 Section "Screen"……EndSection 部分,正是我们需要关心的地方。在实际中笔者发现,DefaultDepth  16 莫名其妙的变为了 DefaultDepth  16161616161616161616。SubSection "Display" 部分的两个 16 都变为了 24,需要全部变回来。这里表明是有 2 个显示器的情况。

    笔者对照 Redhat Linux 9.0 的情况,发现视频配置文件不是 /etc/X11/xorg.conf,而是 /etc/X11/XF86Config(注意文件名的大小写),这个大家必须注意。XF86Config 的 Section "Screen"……EndSection部分也不同,如下所示,应该和机器的硬件配置有关系:

    Section "Screen"
     Identifier "Screen0"
     Device     "Videocard0"
     Monitor    "Monitor0"
     DefaultDepth     16
     SubSection "Display"
      Depth     16
      Modes    "800x600" "640x480"
     EndSubSection
    EndSection

    *RedHat Linux AS4.0 即:RedHat Linux Enterprise Advanced Server 4.0 版。

阅读全文
0 0

相关文章推荐

img
取 消
img