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在线小说网站的设计与实现(附源码)

发表于2016/12/31 15:57:42  8346人阅读

分类: Javaweb

最近在做一个课程设计,在线小说网站的设计,以下是课题要求,需要项目练手的童鞋可以试试身手。

由于最近新学了JavaEE,所以采用了jsp+servlet来写,前端部分用了少量的js和jQuery处理,数据库用了MySQL,开发平台是myeclipse。

发布文章时直接插入数据库会没有分段,这里的解决办法是引入第三方工具wangEditor(wangEditor 是一款基于javascript和css开发的html富文本编辑器,开源免费。产品第一版发布于2014年11月。关于该编辑器:http://www.kancloud.cn/wangfupeng/wangeditor2/113961)


首先数据库的设计结构:

/*
Navicat MySQL Data Transfer

Source Server         : blog
Source Server Version : 50528
Source Host           : localhost:3306
Source Database       : novel

Target Server Type    : MYSQL
Target Server Version : 50528
File Encoding         : 65001

Date: 2016-12-31 16:04:07
*/

SET FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS=0;

-- ----------------------------
-- Table structure for admin
-- ----------------------------
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `admin`;
CREATE TABLE `admin` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `adminName` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `adminPassword` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=2 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

-- ----------------------------
-- Table structure for author
-- ----------------------------
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `author`;
CREATE TABLE `author` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `authorName` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `authorPassword` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `authorEmail` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=22 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

-- ----------------------------
-- Table structure for comment
-- ----------------------------
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `comment`;
CREATE TABLE `comment` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `context` text,
  `createdTime` datetime DEFAULT NULL,
  `readerName` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
  `novelId` int(11) DEFAULT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=67 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

-- ----------------------------
-- Table structure for genre
-- ----------------------------
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `genre`;
CREATE TABLE `genre` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `name` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
  `sort` int(11) DEFAULT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=14 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

-- ----------------------------
-- Table structure for novel
-- ----------------------------
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `novel`;
CREATE TABLE `novel` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `title` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `context` text NOT NULL,
  `createdTime` datetime DEFAULT NULL,
  `genreId` int(11) DEFAULT NULL,
  `voteNumber` int(11) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=160 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

-- ----------------------------
-- Table structure for reader
-- ----------------------------
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `reader`;
CREATE TABLE `reader` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `readerName` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `readerPassword` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `readerEmail` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=22 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

项目的大致结构如图:


由于功能有点多,这里先介绍后台的实现,管理后台和前台互不交涉。

登录界面



后台主页:

1,小说管理


2,作者管理:


3,增加分类


后台其他导航页面基本雷同,这里不做一一介绍。

后台管理员登录处理代码:

public class Admin {
	Conn conn=new Conn();
	/**
	 * 判断登陆用户是否合法
	 * @param adminName
	 * @param adminPassword
	 * @return
	 * @throws SQLException
	 */
	public boolean isExist(String adminName,String adminPassword)throws SQLException{
		boolean result=false;
		AdminInfo ainfo=new AdminInfo();
		String sql="select * from admin a where adminName='"+adminName+"'and adminPassword='"+adminPassword+"'";
		System.out.println(sql);
		ResultSet rs=conn.executeQuery(sql);
		if(rs.next()){
			ainfo.setAdminName(rs.getString("adminName"));
			ainfo.setAdminPassword(rs.getString("adminPassword"));
			result=true;
		}
		conn.close();
		return result;
	}
}

小说展示,管理,增加,删除,更新的代码处理:

public class Novel {
	Conn conn=new Conn();
	/**
	 * 获取小说列表
	 * @param keyword
	 * @return
	 * @throws SQLException
	 */
	
	public List<NovelInfo>getList(String keyword)throws SQLException{
		List<NovelInfo> list=new ArrayList<NovelInfo>();

		String sql="select n.*,g.name as genreName from novel n left join genre g on n.genreId=g.id";
		if(DataValidator.isNullOrEmpty(keyword)){
			sql=sql+ " order by id desc";
		}else{
			sql=sql+" where n.title like '%"+keyword+"%' order by id desc";
		}
		ResultSet rs=conn.executeQuery(sql);
		while(rs.next()){
			NovelInfo ninfo=new NovelInfo();
			ninfo.setId(rs.getInt("Id"));
			ninfo.setTitle(rs.getString("Title"));
			ninfo.setContext(rs.getString("Context"));
			ninfo.setCreatedTime(rs.getDate("CreatedTime"));
			ninfo.setGenreId(rs.getInt("GenreId"));
			ninfo.setGenreName(rs.getString("genreName"));
			ninfo.setVoteNumber(rs.getInt("voteNumber"));
			list.add(ninfo);
		}
		conn.close();
		return list;
	}
	/**
	 * 获取某分类下的小说列表
	 * @param classId
	 * @return
	 * @throws SQLException
	 */
	public List<NovelInfo> getListBygenreId(int genreId) throws SQLException{
		List<NovelInfo> list=new ArrayList<NovelInfo>();
		String sql="select n.*,g.name as genreName from novel n left join genre g on n.genreId=g.id"
				+ " where n.genreId="+genreId+" order by id desc";
		ResultSet rs=conn.executeQuery(sql);
		while(rs.next()){
			NovelInfo info=new NovelInfo();
			info.setId(rs.getInt("Id"));
			info.setTitle(rs.getString("Title"));
			info.setContext(rs.getString("Context"));
			info.setCreatedTime(rs.getDate("CreatedTime"));
			info.setGenreId(rs.getInt("GenreId"));
			info.setGenreName(rs.getString("genreName"));
			info.setVoteNumber(rs.getInt("voteNumber"));
			list.add(info);
		}
		conn.close();
		return list;
	}
	/**
	 * 根据ID获取小说
	 * @param id
	 * @return
	 * @throws SQLException
	 */
	public NovelInfo getNovelInfo(int id) throws SQLException{
		NovelInfo info=new NovelInfo();
		String sql="select n.*,g.name as genreName from novel n left join genre g on n.genreId=g.id where n.id="+id+"";
		ResultSet rs=conn.executeQuery(sql);
		while(rs.next()){
			info.setId(rs.getInt("Id"));
			info.setTitle(rs.getString("Title"));
			info.setContext(rs.getString("Context"));
			info.setCreatedTime(rs.getDate("CreatedTime"));
			info.setGenreId(rs.getInt("GenreId"));
			info.setGenreName(rs.getString("genreName"));
			info.setVoteNumber(rs.getInt("voteNumber"));
		}
		conn.close();
		return info;
	}
	/**
	 * 写入新小说
	 * 
	 * @param info
	 * @return
	 */
	public int insert(NovelInfo info){
		String sql="insert into novel(title,conText,createdTime,genreId,voteNumber)values";
		sql=sql+"('"+info.getTitle()+"','"+info.getContext()+"',now(),'"+info.getGenreId()+"',"+info.getVoteNumber()+")";
		int result=0;
		System.out.println(sql);
		result=conn.executeUpdate(sql);
		conn.close();
		return result;
	}

	/**
	 *更新小说
	 * @param info
	 * @return
	 */
	public int update(NovelInfo info){
		String sql="update novel set "+" Title='"+info.getTitle()+"',Context='"+info.getContext()+"',"
				+ "genreId='"+info.getGenreId()+"'where id="+info.getId()+"";
		int result=0;
		System.out.println(sql);
		result=conn.executeUpdate(sql);
		conn.close();
		return result;
	}
	/**
	 * 删除小说
	 * @param id
	 * @return
	 */
	
	public int delete(int id){
		String sql="delete from novel where id="+id+"";
		int result=0;
		result=conn.executeUpdate(sql);
		conn.close();
		return result;
	}
	/**
	 * 增加票数
	 * @return
	 */
	public int addVote(int num){
		
		return 0;
		
	}
}

小说评论展示,管理,增加,删除,更新的代码处理:

public class Comment {
	Conn conn=new Conn();
	/**
	 * 获取评论列表
	 * @return
	 * @throws SQLException
	 */
	public List<CommentInfo> getList() throws SQLException{
		List<CommentInfo> list=new ArrayList<CommentInfo>();
		String sql="select * from comment order by id desc";
		ResultSet rs=conn.executeQuery(sql);
		while(rs.next()){
			CommentInfo info=new CommentInfo();
			info.setId(rs.getInt("Id"));
			info.setContext(rs.getString("Context"));
			info.setNovelId(rs.getInt("NovelId"));
			info.setCreatedTime(rs.getDate("CreatedTime"));
			info.setReaderName(rs.getString("ReaderName"));
			list.add(info);
			System.out.print(list);
		}
		conn.close();
		return list;
	}
	/**
	 * 
	 * @param classId
	 * @return
	 * @throws SQLException
	 */
	public CommentInfo getCommentInfo(int id)throws SQLException{
		CommentInfo info=new CommentInfo();
		String sql="select * from Comment c where id="+id+"";
		ResultSet rs=conn.executeQuery(sql);
		while(rs.next()){
			info.setId(rs.getInt("Id"));
			info.setContext(rs.getString("Context"));
			info.setNovelId(rs.getInt("NovelId"));
			info.setCreatedTime(rs.getDate("CreatedTime"));
			info.setReaderName(rs.getString("ReaderName"));
		}
		conn.close();
		return info;
		
	}
	/**
	 *  获取某小说下的评论
	 * @param id
	 * @return
	 * @throws SQLException
	 */
	public List<CommentInfo> getListByNovelId(int novelid) throws SQLException{
		List<CommentInfo> list=new ArrayList<CommentInfo>();
		String sql="select * from comment  where novelId="+novelid+" order by id desc";
		ResultSet rs=conn.executeQuery(sql);
		while(rs.next()){
			CommentInfo info=new CommentInfo();
			info.setId(rs.getInt("Id"));
			info.setContext(rs.getString("Context"));
			info.setNovelId(rs.getInt("NovelId"));
			info.setCreatedTime(rs.getDate("CreatedTime"));
			info.setReaderName(rs.getString("ReaderName"));
			list.add(info);
		}
		conn.close();
		return list;
	}
	/**
	 * 插入评论
	 * @param info
	 * @return
	 */
	public int insert(CommentInfo info){
		String sql="insert into Comment(Context,CreatedTime,readerName,novelId)values";
		sql=sql+"('"+info.getContext()+"',now(),'"+info.getReaderName()+"',"+info.getNovelId()+")";
		int result=0;
		System.out.println(sql);
		result=conn.executeUpdate(sql);
		conn.close();
		return result;
	}
	/**
	 * 更新评论
	 * @param info
	 * @return
	 */
	public int update(CommentInfo info){
		String sql="update Comment set "+" Context='"+info.getContext()+"',novelId='"+info.getNovelId()+"',"
				+ "CreatedTime='"+info.getCreatedTime()+"',readerName='"+info.getReaderName()+"' where id="+info.getId()+"";
		int result=0;
		System.out.println(sql);
		result=conn.executeUpdate(sql);
		conn.close();
		return result;
	}
	/**
	 * 删除评论
	 * @param id
	 * @return
	 */
	public int delete(int id){
		String sql="delete from Comment where id="+id+"";
		int result=0;
		result=conn.executeUpdate(sql);
		System.out.println(sql);
		conn.close();
		return result;
	}
}


小说分类展示,更新,增加,删除的代码处理:


public class Genre {
	Conn conn=new Conn();
	/**
	 * 获取分类列表
	 * @return
	 * @throws SQLException
	 */
	public List<GenreInfo> getList()throws SQLException{
		List<GenreInfo> list=new ArrayList<GenreInfo>();
		String sql="select * from genre order by Sort asc";
		ResultSet rs=conn.executeQuery(sql);
		while(rs.next()){
			GenreInfo info=new GenreInfo();
			info.setId(rs.getInt("Id"));
			info.setName(rs.getString("Name"));
			info.setSort(rs.getInt("Sort"));
			list.add(info);
	}
		conn.close();
		return list;
	}
	/**
	 * 
	 * @param id
	 * @return
	 * @throws SQLException
	 */
	public GenreInfo getGenreInfo(int id)throws SQLException{
		GenreInfo info=new GenreInfo();
		String sql="select * from genre g where id="+id+"";
		ResultSet rs=conn.executeQuery(sql);
		while(rs.next()){
			info.setId(rs.getInt("Id"));
			info.setName(rs.getString("Name"));
			info.setSort(rs.getInt("Sort"));
	}
		conn.close();
		return info;
	}
	/**
	 * 增加分类
	 * @param info
	 * @return
	 */
	public int insert(GenreInfo info){
		String sql="insert into genre(Name,Sort) values";
		sql=sql+"('"+info.getName()+"','"+info.getSort()+"')";
		int result=0;
		result=conn.executeUpdate(sql);
		conn.close();
		return result;
	}
	/**
	 * 更新分类
	 * 
	 * @param info
	 * @return
	 */
	public int update(GenreInfo info){
		String sql="update genre set "+" Name='"+info.getName()+"',Sort= '"+info.getSort()+"' where id="+info.getId()+"";
		int result=0;
		result=conn.executeUpdate(sql);
		return result;
		
	}
	public int delete(int id){
		String sql="delete from genre where id="+id+"";
		int result=0;
		result=conn.executeUpdate(sql);
		conn.close();
		return result;
	}
	
}

前台主要页面展示:(略丑)


作者发布小说界面:


读者评论界面:


为小说投票,投票功能的前端设计代码:

function getElemensByClassName(className){  // 通过class获取
  var classArr = new Array();
  var tags = document.getElementsByTagName("*"); //获取所有节点
  for(var item in tags){ 
    if(tags[item].nodeType == 1){ 
    if(tags[item].getAttribute("class") == className){ 
      classArr.push(tags[item]); //收集class匹配的节点
    }
  }
}
  return classArr;
}
 
function delete_FF(element){  // 在FireFox中删除子节点为空的元素
  var childs = element.childNodes;
  for(var i=0;i<childs.length;i++){ 
    var pattern = /\s/; //模式匹配,内容为空
    if(childs[i].nodeName == "#text" && pattern.test(childs[i].nodeValue)){  //处理
      //alert(childs[i].nodeName);
      element.removeChild(childs[i]); //删除FF中获取的空节点
    }
  }
}
function $(obj){return document.getElementById(obj);}
window.onload = function(){ 
	onload1();
	onload2();
};
function onload2(){
  var persons = getElemensByClassName("person");
//  alert(persons);
  for(var item in persons){  //遍历所有person,为它们绑定投票事件
    (function(_item){    //匿名函数传入item, 防止因作用域问题导致item总为最后一个
    delete_FF(persons[_item]); //出去FF中空行代表的子节点
    persons[_item].setAttribute("id","person"+(parseInt(_item)+1)); //赋上id
 
    var childs = persons[_item].childNodes;
    for(var i = 0;i<childs.length;i++){ 
      //alert(childs[i].nodeName);
      if(childs[i].nodeName == "BUTTON"){  //点击按钮投票
        var oButton = childs[i];
      }
      if(childs[i].nodeName == "P"){  //投票结果更新
        var oP = childs[i];
        var oSpan = oP.getElementsByTagName("span")[0];
      }
    }
    if(oButton != null){
    oButton.onclick = function(){  //事件绑定
      var num = oSpan.innerHTML; //获取票数
      oSpan.innerHTML = (++num); //票数更新
                    // 这时一般我们可能就需要把这个票数num传送给服务器保存,更新时也是和服务器中的num同步
      this.setAttribute("disabled","true"); // 一般只能投票一次的吧
      alert("投票成功,谢谢您的支持");
    };
  }
})(item); // 传入各项person
  }
}

小说发布的实现细节,引入了wangEditor:

<%@ page language="java" import="java.util.*" pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<%@page import="org.common.*" %>
<%@page import="org.model.*" %>
<%@page import="org.dal.*" %>
<%
String path = request.getContextPath();
String basePath = request.getScheme()+"://"+request.getServerName()+":"+request.getServerPort()+path+"/";
%>
<!-- 发布小说 -->
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
<html>
  <head>
    <base href="<%=basePath%>">
    <title>小说编辑发布界面</title>
	<script type="text/javascript" src="js/jquery-1.10.1.js"></script>
	<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="css/edit.css">
	<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="css/wangEditor.min.css">
	<script type="text/javascript" src="js/wangEditor.min.js"></script>
  </head>
 
  <body>
<% 
	request.setCharacterEncoding("utf-8");
	Genre cls=new Genre();
	List<GenreInfo>list=cls.getList();
	Novel novel=new Novel();
	NovelInfo ninfo=new NovelInfo();
	if("fabu".equals(request.getParameter("action")))
{	
	ninfo.setTitle(request.getParameter("txtTitle"));
	ninfo.setContext(request.getParameter("content"));
	ninfo.setGenreId(DataConverter.toInt(request.getParameter("selClass")));
	novel.insert(ninfo);
	out.println("<script>alert('发布成功');</script>");
}
%>	
<div class="header">	
	<h2>当前位置:小说编辑</h2>
</div>
  <a class="wel">欢迎您:<%=Utilty.readCookie(request, "user")%></a>
  <div class="context" >
    <form id="form1" name="form1" method="post" 
    action="novel/novel-edit.jsp?action=fabu" onsubmit="return check(this)">
    	<table>
    		<tr>
    		<td>小说所属分类:</td>
    		<td>
    		<select name="selClass" id="selClass" style="width:300px;height:30px;">
    			<%
    				for(GenreInfo cinfo:list){
    			%>
    			<option value="<%=cinfo.getId() %>">
    			<%if(cinfo.getId()==ninfo.getId()) %>
    			<%=cinfo.getName() %></option>
    			<%
    				}
    			%>
    		</select>
    		</td>
    		</tr>
    		<tr>
    		<td>小  说   标   题:</td>
    		<td><input type="text" name="txtTitle" id="txtTitle" style="width:500px;height:30px"/></td>
    		</tr>
    		
    		<tr>
    			<td>小  说   内   容:</td>
    			 <td style="width:1000px;"><textarea rows="25" name="content" id="content"></textarea> </td>
    		</tr>
    		
    <tr>
	<td colspan="2" class="inp">
		<input class="submit" type="submit" name="button" id="button" value="提交" style="color:#FFFFFF"/>
		<input class="submit" type="reset" name="button2" id="button2" value="重置"style="color:#FFFFFF" />
	</td>
	</tr>
    	</table>
    </form>
    </div>
  </body>
  	<script type="text/javascript">
    	var editor = new wangEditor('content');
    	editor.config.menus = [
					'bold',
					'underline',
					'italic',
					'strikethrough',
					'eraser',
					'forecolor',
					'bgcolor',
					'|',
					'link',
					'unlink',
					'table',
					'emotion',
					'|',
					'img',
					'video',
					'location',
    	                 ];
         
    	editor.create();
	</script>
</html>
  好吧,由于代码段较多,这里不能一一介绍,后续直接介绍一下这个项目开发过程中的错误细节,完善之后把源码上传到资源那里,这个项目实现起来较简单,童鞋们可以根据设计要求试试身手哦!

源码地址:https://github.com/guodalin8/novel




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