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一个用于驱动摄像头的类

发表于2005/1/1 13:59:00  1972人阅读

    本文是借助avicap32.dll库来驱动摄像头。做到了抓图、录像功能。
using System;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Drawing.Imaging;

namespace using System;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Drawing.Imaging;

namespace PickHead
{
 /// <summary>
 /// 一个控制摄像头的类
 /// </summary>
 public class Pick
 {
  private const int WM_USER = 0x400;
  private const int WS_CHILD = 0x40000000;
  private const int WS_VISIBLE = 0x10000000;
  private const int WM_CAP_START = WM_USER;
  private const int WM_CAP_STOP = WM_CAP_START + 68;
  private const int WM_CAP_DRIVER_CONNECT = WM_CAP_START + 10;
  private const int WM_CAP_DRIVER_DISCONNECT = WM_CAP_START + 11;
  private const int WM_CAP_SAVEDIB = WM_CAP_START + 25;
  private const int WM_CAP_GRAB_FRAME = WM_CAP_START + 60;
  private const int WM_CAP_SEQUENCE = WM_CAP_START + 62;
  private const int WM_CAP_FILE_SET_CAPTURE_FILEA = WM_CAP_START + 20;
  private const int WM_CAP_SEQUENCE_NOFILE =WM_CAP_START+ 63;
  private const int WM_CAP_SET_OVERLAY =WM_CAP_START+ 51;
  private const int WM_CAP_SET_PREVIEW =WM_CAP_START+ 50;
  private const int WM_CAP_SET_CALLBACK_VIDEOSTREAM = WM_CAP_START +6;
  private const int WM_CAP_SET_CALLBACK_ERROR=WM_CAP_START +2;
  private const int WM_CAP_SET_CALLBACK_STATUSA= WM_CAP_START +3;
  private const int WM_CAP_SET_CALLBACK_FRAME= WM_CAP_START +5;
  private const int WM_CAP_SET_SCALE=WM_CAP_START+ 53;
  private const int WM_CAP_SET_PREVIEWRATE=WM_CAP_START+ 52;
  private IntPtr hWndC;
  private bool bStat = false;
  
  private IntPtr mControlPtr;
  private int mWidth;
  private int mHeight;
  private int mLeft;
  private int mTop;
  
  /// <summary>
  /// 初始化摄像头
  /// </summary>
  /// <param name="handle">控件的句柄</param>
  /// <param name="left">开始显示的左边距</param>
  /// <param name="top">开始显示的上边距</param>
  /// <param name="width">要显示的宽度</param>
  /// <param name="height">要显示的长度</param>
  public Pick(IntPtr handle, int left, int top, int width,int height)
  {
   mControlPtr = handle;
   mWidth = width;
   mHeight = height;
   mLeft = left;
   mTop = top;
  }

  [DllImport("avicap32.dll")]
  private static extern IntPtr capCreateCaptureWindowA(byte[] lpszWindowName, int dwStyle, int x, int y, int nWidth, int nHeight, IntPtr hWndParent, int nID);
 
  [DllImport("avicap32.dll")]
  private static extern int capGetVideoFormat(IntPtr hWnd, IntPtr psVideoFormat, int wSize );
  [DllImport("User32.dll")]
  private static extern bool SendMessage(IntPtr hWnd, int wMsg, int wParam, long lParam);

  /// <summary>
  /// 开始显示图像
  /// </summary>
  public void Start()
  {
   if (bStat)
    return;
   
   bStat = true;
   byte[] lpszName = new byte[100];
   
   hWndC = capCreateCaptureWindowA(lpszName,WS_CHILD|WS_VISIBLE ,mLeft,mTop,mWidth,mHeight,mControlPtr,0);

   if (hWndC.ToInt32() != 0)
   {
    SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_SET_CALLBACK_VIDEOSTREAM, 0, 0);
    SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_SET_CALLBACK_ERROR, 0, 0);
    SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_SET_CALLBACK_STATUSA, 0, 0);
    SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_DRIVER_CONNECT, 0, 0);
    SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_SET_SCALE, 1, 0);
    SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_SET_PREVIEWRATE, 66, 0);
    SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_SET_OVERLAY, 1, 0);
    SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_SET_PREVIEW, 1, 0);
   }

   return;

 


  }

  /// <summary>
  /// 停止显示
  /// </summary>
  public void Stop()
  {
   SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_DRIVER_DISCONNECT, 0, 0);
   bStat = false;
  }

  /// <summary>
  /// 抓图
  /// </summary>
  /// <param name="path">要保存bmp文件的路径</param>
  public void GrabImage(string path)
  {
   
   IntPtr hBmp = Marshal.StringToHGlobalAnsi(path);
   SendMessage(hWndC,WM_CAP_SAVEDIB,0,hBmp.ToInt64());

  }

  /// <summary>
  /// 录像
  /// </summary>
  /// <param name="path">要保存avi文件的路径</param>
  public void Kinescope(string path)
  {
   IntPtr hBmp = Marshal.StringToHGlobalAnsi(path);
   SendMessage(hWndC,WM_CAP_FILE_SET_CAPTURE_FILEA,0,hBmp.ToInt64());
   SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_SEQUENCE, 0, 0);
  }

  /// <summary>
  /// 停止录像
  /// </summary>
  public void StopKinescope()
  {
   SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_STOP, 0, 0);
  }

 }
}

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