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实现类似Windows资源管理器的DataGrid

发表于2004/7/9 8:55:00  712人阅读

在DataGrid中,我们可以实现类似Windows资源管理器的效果,即对列进行排序,该列颜色与其它列不同。下面就是实现的代码:

C#代码:

DataGridLikeWindowsExplorer.aspx

<%@ Page language="c#" Codebehind="DataGridLikeWindowsExplorer.aspx.cs" AutoEventWireup="false" Inherits="aspxWebCS.DataGridLikeWindowsExplorer" %> <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" > <html> <head> <title>DataGridLikeWindowsExplorer</title> <meta name="GENERATOR" content="Microsoft Visual Studio 7.0"> <meta name="CODE_LANGUAGE" content="C#"> <meta name="vs_defaultClientScript" content="JavaScript"> <meta name="vs_targetSchema" content="http://schemas.microsoft.com/intellisense/ie5"> <style type="text/css"> .gridtooltip { BORDER-RIGHT: black 1px solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 4px; BORDER-TOP: black 1px solid; PADDING-LEFT: 4px; Z-INDEX: 200; LEFT: 0px; VISIBILITY: hidden; PADDING-BOTTOM: 4px; FONT: 9pt bold 宋体; BORDER-LEFT: black 1px solid; WIDTH: 150px; COLOR: white; PADDING-TOP: 4px; BORDER-BOTTOM: black 1px solid; POSITION: absolute; TOP: 0px; BACKGROUND-COLOR: #ff3316 } </style> <script language="javascript" type="text/javascript"> function showheadertip(idx) { var tooltip if (document.getElementById) tooltip = document.getElementById('htip' + idx) else tooltip = eval("document.all['htip" + idx + "']"); if (tooltip != null) { tooltip.style.pixelLeft = event.clientX + 5; tooltip.style.pixelTop = event.clientY + 5; tooltip.style.visibility = "visible"; } } function hideheadertip(idx) { var tooltip if (document.getElementById) tooltip = document.getElementById('htip' + idx) else tooltip = eval("document.all['htip" + idx + "']"); if (tooltip != null) { tooltip.style.visibility = "hidden"; } } </script> </head> <body ms_positioning="GridLayout"> <asp:PlaceHolder ID="Tips_PlaceHolder" Runat="server"></asp:PlaceHolder> <form id="DataGridLikeWindowsExplorer" method="post" runat="server"> <div align="center"> <h4>Northwind职员表</h4> <asp:DataGrid ID="WinExplorerView_DataGrid" Runat="server" BorderColor="#FF6600" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="5px" BackColor="White" CellPadding="5" AllowSorting="True" AutoGenerateColumns="False" AllowPaging="True" GridLines="Horizontal" PageSize="5"> <selecteditemstyle font-bold="True" forecolor="White" backcolor="#669999"></selecteditemstyle> <itemstyle forecolor="#000066"></itemstyle> <headerstyle font-bold="True" horizontalalign="Center" forecolor="Navy" backcolor="#FFCC00"></headerstyle> <footerstyle forecolor="#000066" backcolor="White"></footerstyle> <columns> <asp:BoundColumn DataField="LastName" SortExpression="LastName" HeaderText="姓"></asp:BoundColumn> <asp:BoundColumn DataField="FirstName" SortExpression="FirstName" HeaderText="名字"></asp:BoundColumn> <asp:BoundColumn DataField="Title" SortExpression="Title" HeaderText="职位"></asp:BoundColumn> <asp:BoundColumn DataField="BirthDate" SortExpression="BirthDate" HeaderText="出生日期" DataFormatString="{0:d}"/></asp:BoundColumn> <asp:BoundColumn DataField="City" SortExpression="City" HeaderText="居住地"></asp:BoundColumn> </columns> <pagerstyle horizontalalign="Left" forecolor="#000066" backcolor="White" mode="NumericPages"></pagerstyle> </asp:DataGrid> </div> </form> </body> </html>

DataGridLikeWindowsExplorer.aspx.cs

using System; using System.Collections; using System.ComponentModel; using System.Data; using System.Data.SqlClient; using System.Drawing; using System.Web; using System.Web.Caching; using System.Web.SessionState; using System.Web.UI; using System.Web.UI.WebControls; using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls; namespace aspxWebCS { /// <summary> /// DataGridLikeWindowsExplorer 的摘要说明。 /// </summary> public class DataGridLikeWindowsExplorer : System.Web.UI.Page { protected System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGrid WinExplorerView_DataGrid; protected System.Data.SqlClient.SqlDataAdapter m_sqlDataAdapter; protected System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand m_sqlSelectCommand; protected System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnection m_sqlConnection; protected System.Data.DataSet m_dsEmployees; protected System.Data.DataView m_dvEmployees; protected System.Collections.Hashtable colHeaderMap; protected string m_strSortExpr; protected string m_strSortOrder; protected int m_iSortColumnIdx; protected System.Web.UI.WebControls.PlaceHolder Tips_PlaceHolder; protected string strConn = "Data Source=.;User Id=sa;Password=;Initial Catalog=Northwind;"; private void Page_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e) { m_iSortColumnIdx = -1; m_strSortExpr = ""; m_strSortOrder = ""; ProcessViewState(); PrepareColumnHeaderMap(); if (!IsPostBack) { BindGridToView(); } } private void PrepareColumnHeaderMap() { colHeaderMap = new Hashtable(); int idx = 0; foreach (DataGridColumn col in WinExplorerView_DataGrid.Columns) { colHeaderMap[col.SortExpression] = idx++; } } private void RetrieveData() { if (null == Cache["EmployeesDS"]) { string tmp = "SELECT LastName, FirstName, Title, BirthDate, City FROM Employees"; m_sqlConnection = new SqlConnection(strConn); m_sqlSelectCommand = new SqlCommand(tmp, m_sqlConnection); m_sqlDataAdapter = new SqlDataAdapter(m_sqlSelectCommand); m_dsEmployees = new DataSet("Employees"); m_sqlDataAdapter.Fill(m_dsEmployees); Cache.Insert("EmployeesDS", m_dsEmployees, null, DateTime.Now.AddMinutes(1), Cache.NoSlidingExpiration); } else { m_dsEmployees = (DataSet)Cache["EmployeesDS"]; } } private void ProcessViewState() { if (null != ViewState["SortExpr"]) { m_strSortExpr = ViewState["SortExpr"].ToString(); } if (null != ViewState["SortOrder"]) { m_strSortOrder = ViewState["SortOrder"].ToString(); } } private void BindGridToView() { string strSort = ""; if (0 != m_strSortExpr.Length) { strSort = m_strSortExpr; if (0 != m_strSortOrder.Length) { strSort += (" " + m_strSortOrder); } } RetrieveData(); m_dvEmployees = new DataView(m_dsEmployees.Tables[0], "", strSort, DataViewRowState.CurrentRows); WinExplorerView_DataGrid.DataSource = m_dvEmployees; WinExplorerView_DataGrid.DataBind(); } private Color GetSortColumnColor() { if (null == this.m_strSortOrder || String.Empty == this.m_strSortOrder|| 0 == this.m_strSortOrder.Length) { return Color.Gold; } if (m_strSortOrder.CompareTo("ASC") == 0) { return Color.Gold; } else { return Color.BlanchedAlmond; } } private void OnPageIndexChange(object source, System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGridPageChangedEventArgs e) { WinExplorerView_DataGrid.CurrentPageIndex = e.NewPageIndex; BindGridToView(); } private void OnSortView(object source, System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGridSortCommandEventArgs e) { m_strSortExpr = e.SortExpression; ViewState["SortExpr"] = m_strSortExpr; if (0 == m_strSortOrder.Length) { m_strSortOrder = "ASC"; } else if (m_strSortOrder.CompareTo("ASC") == 0) { m_strSortOrder = "DESC"; } else { m_strSortOrder = "ASC"; } ViewState["SortOrder"] = m_strSortOrder; // 找到Click事件所在的列序号 m_iSortColumnIdx = Convert.ToInt32(this.colHeaderMap[m_strSortExpr]); BindGridToView(); } private void OnItemCreated(object sender, System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGridItemEventArgs e) { if (e.Item.ItemType == ListItemType.Header) { int idx = 0; foreach (TableCell cl in e.Item.Cells) { cl.Attributes.Add("onmouseover", "showheadertip(" + idx.ToString() + ");"); cl.Attributes.Add("onmouseout", "hideheadertip(" + idx.ToString() + ");"); idx++; } } if (e.Item.ItemType == ListItemType.Item || e.Item.ItemType == ListItemType.AlternatingItem) { if (-1 != m_iSortColumnIdx) { e.Item.Cells[m_iSortColumnIdx].BackColor = GetSortColumnColor(); } } } protected override void OnPreRender(EventArgs e) { ///ToolTip文字 int nCount = this.WinExplorerView_DataGrid.Columns.Count; for (int i = 0; i < nCount; i++) { Panel pnl = new Panel(); pnl.CssClass = "gridtooltip"; pnl.ID = "htip" + i.ToString(); Literal lt = new Literal(); lt.Text = this.GetHeaderTooltipText(i); pnl.Controls.Add(lt); this.Tips_PlaceHolder.Controls.Add(pnl); } base.OnPreRender (e); } private string GetHeaderTooltipText(int iColIdx) { switch (iColIdx) { case 0: return "职员的姓"; case 1: return "职员名字"; case 2: return "职员的职位"; case 3: return "出生日期"; case 4: return "居住地"; default: throw new ArgumentException("无效地列序号", "Index"); } } #region Web Form Designer generated code override protected void OnInit(EventArgs e) { InitializeComponent(); base.OnInit(e); } private void InitializeComponent() { this.WinExplorerView_DataGrid.ItemCreated += new System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGridItemEventHandler(this.OnItemCreated); this.WinExplorerView_DataGrid.PageIndexChanged += new System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGridPageChangedEventHandler(this.OnPageIndexChange); this.WinExplorerView_DataGrid.SortCommand += new System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGridSortCommandEventHandler(this.OnSortView); this.Load += new System.EventHandler(this.Page_Load); } #endregion } }
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