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使用C#制作的更换桌面背景程序

发表于2003/1/2 9:22:00  2453人阅读

分类: .NET

使用C#制作的更换桌面背景程序

今天是周末,可是没什么地方去,所以有上网来了,突然发现了一篇用

VB调用API来更换桌面的程序,我想既然VB可以C#也一定能行,所以就

试着做了一下,好吧,来看看我的代码吧.一步一步来,你也能行.

那还是先让我们来了解一个API吧,SystemParametersInfo,这个API的功能

很简单就是通过一些参数的设置来完成对系统的一些外观设置.

函数原型如下:
BOOL SystemParametersInfo(
  UINT uiAction,  
  UINT uiParam,   
  PVOID pvParam,  
  UINT fWinIni    
);

该函数返回一个Bool值.非0成功,否则当然是失败了,那样的话根据MSDN的说法

还将会设置GetLastError(关于这一点可以参考MSDN)

这里还必须提到的一点是,关于uAction常数表,这张表里面包括了很多关于这些参数

的设置工作.因为它将影响到.前面两个参数.第三个参数在我们这里的用法是得到

图片的路径.第四个参数看名字也猜的到.随同这个函数设置的用户配置参数保存在win.ini

或注册表里,或同时保存在这两个地方.一般是0X1或者0X2就可以了.

下面我在给出有关该API变成C#的代码如下:

[DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet=CharSet.Auto)]
public static  extern int SystemParametersInfo (int uAction , int uParam , string lpvParam , int fuWinIni) ;

 

//图片


看见上面的图了吗?我来主要说说那个两个button,

首先叫到的是选择按钮代码如下:

private void button1_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
  {
   openFileDialog1.InitialDirectory = @"C:/";
   if (openFileDialog1.ShowDialog() == DialogResult.OK)
   {
    textBox1.Text = openFileDialog1.FileName;
    string[] strA=textBox1.Text.Split('.');
    Bitmap bm=new Bitmap(textBox1.Text);
    if(strA[1]!="bmp")
    {
     filepath=strA[0]+".bmp";
     bm.Save(filepath);
    }
    else
     filepath=textBox1.Text;
    this.pictureBox1.Image=bm;
   }
正如你看到的,那样,由于只能将BMP图象设置成桌面所以必须要转化一下,上面是我的方法

也许你还有更好的,那就说说吧.

然后是更换按钮,代码如下:

private void button2_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
  {
   int nResult ;
   if (File.Exists(filepath))
   {
    nResult = SystemParametersInfo(20, 1, filepath,  0x1 | 0x2 );
    if(nResult==0)
     MessageBox.Show("没有更新成功!");
    else
    MessageBox.Show("正在更换背景图片...");
   }
   else
    MessageBox.Show("文件不存在!");

  }
这个实现起来在简单不过了,仅仅是调用刚才上面讲到的API就可以了.

好了,我把全部代码都给你,很简单,如下:

 


 using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Collections;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Data;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.IO;
namespace desktopWalk
{
 /// <summary>
 /// Form1 的摘要说明。
 /// </summary>
 public class Form1 : System.Windows.Forms.Form
 {
  private System.Windows.Forms.Button button1;
  private System.Windows.Forms.Button button2;
  private System.Windows.Forms.TextBox textBox1;
  private System.Windows.Forms.GroupBox groupBox1;
  private System.Windows.Forms.GroupBox groupBox2;
  private System.Windows.Forms.Label label1;
  private System.Windows.Forms.PictureBox pictureBox1;
  private System.Windows.Forms.Label label2;
  private System.Windows.Forms.OpenFileDialog openFileDialog1;
  private string filepath;
  /// <summary>
  /// 必需的设计器变量。
  /// </summary>
  private System.ComponentModel.Container components = null;
  [DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet=CharSet.Auto)]
  public static  extern int SystemParametersInfo (int uAction , int uParam , string lpvParam , int fuWinIni) ;

  public Form1()
  {
   //
   // Windows 窗体设计器支持所必需的
   //
   InitializeComponent();

   //
   // TODO: 在 InitializeComponent 调用后添加任何构造函数代码
   //
  }

  /// <summary>
  /// 清理所有正在使用的资源。
  /// </summary>
  protected override void Dispose( bool disposing )
  {
   if( disposing )
   {
    if (components != null)
    {
     components.Dispose();
    }
   }
   base.Dispose( disposing );
  }

  #region Windows Form Designer generated code
  /// <summary>
  /// 设计器支持所需的方法 - 不要使用代码编辑器修改
  /// 此方法的内容。
  /// </summary>
  private void InitializeComponent()
  {
   this.button1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
   this.button2 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
   this.textBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
   this.groupBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.GroupBox();
   this.label2 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
   this.pictureBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.PictureBox();
   this.label1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
   this.groupBox2 = new System.Windows.Forms.GroupBox();
   this.openFileDialog1 = new System.Windows.Forms.OpenFileDialog();
   this.groupBox1.SuspendLayout();
   this.SuspendLayout();
   //
   // button1
   //
   this.button1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(312, 62);
   this.button1.Name = "button1";
   this.button1.TabIndex = 0;
   this.button1.Text = "选择背景";
   this.button1.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.button1_Click);
   //
   // button2
   //
   this.button2.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(312, 120);
   this.button2.Name = "button2";
   this.button2.TabIndex = 1;
   this.button2.Text = "更换背景";
   this.button2.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.button2_Click);
   //
   // textBox1
   //
   this.textBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(16, 64);
   this.textBox1.Name = "textBox1";
   this.textBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(272, 21);
   this.textBox1.TabIndex = 2;
   this.textBox1.Text = "";
   //
   // groupBox1
   //
   this.groupBox1.Controls.AddRange(new System.Windows.Forms.Control[] {
                     this.label2,
                     this.pictureBox1,
                     this.label1,
                     this.groupBox2,
                     this.button1,
                     this.button2,
                     this.textBox1});
   this.groupBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(16, 16);
   this.groupBox1.Name = "groupBox1";
   this.groupBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(392, 240);
   this.groupBox1.TabIndex = 3;
   this.groupBox1.TabStop = false;
   this.groupBox1.Text = "更换背景图片";
   //
   // label2
   //
   this.label2.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 128);
   this.label2.Name = "label2";
   this.label2.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(72, 23);
   this.label2.TabIndex = 6;
   this.label2.Text = "预览图片:";
   //
   // pictureBox1
   //
   this.pictureBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(104, 120);
   this.pictureBox1.Name = "pictureBox1";
   this.pictureBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(184, 104);
   this.pictureBox1.SizeMode = System.Windows.Forms.PictureBoxSizeMode.StretchImage;
   this.pictureBox1.TabIndex = 5;
   this.pictureBox1.TabStop = false;
   //
   // label1
   //
   this.label1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(24, 24);
   this.label1.Name = "label1";
   this.label1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(64, 23);
   this.label1.TabIndex = 4;
   this.label1.Text = "背景图片:";
   //
   // groupBox2
   //
   this.groupBox2.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 104);
   this.groupBox2.Name = "groupBox2";
   this.groupBox2.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(376, 8);
   this.groupBox2.TabIndex = 3;
   this.groupBox2.TabStop = false;
   //
   // Form1
   //
   this.AutoScaleBaseSize = new System.Drawing.Size(6, 14);
   this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(432, 269);
   this.Controls.AddRange(new System.Windows.Forms.Control[] {
                    this.groupBox1});
   this.MaximizeBox = false;
   this.Name = "Form1";
   this.StartPosition = System.Windows.Forms.FormStartPosition.CenterParent;
   this.Text = "设置背景";
   this.groupBox1.ResumeLayout(false);
   this.ResumeLayout(false);

  }
  #endregion

  /// <summary>
  /// 应用程序的主入口点。
  /// </summary>
  [STAThread]
  static void Main()
  {
   Application.Run(new Form1());
  }

  private void button2_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
  {
   int nResult ;
   if (File.Exists(filepath))
   {
    nResult = SystemParametersInfo(20, 1, filepath,  0x1 | 0x2 );
    if(nResult==0)
     MessageBox.Show("没有更新成功!");
    else
    MessageBox.Show("正在更换背景图片...");
   }
   else
    MessageBox.Show("文件不存在!");

  }

  private void button1_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
  {
   openFileDialog1.InitialDirectory = @"C:/";
   if (openFileDialog1.ShowDialog() == DialogResult.OK)
   {
    textBox1.Text = openFileDialog1.FileName;
    string[] strA=textBox1.Text.Split('.');
    Bitmap bm=new Bitmap(textBox1.Text);
    if(strA[1]!="bmp")
    {
     filepath=strA[0]+".bmp";
     bm.Save(filepath);
    }
    else
     filepath=textBox1.Text;
    this.pictureBox1.Image=bm;
   }

  }
 }
}

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