CSDN博客

img yzy912

一个简单的MP3播放器

发表于2004/6/14 17:23:00  1113人阅读

利用API函数[mciSendString]可以轻松实现MP3音乐文件的播放。下面这段程序实现了MP3播放的大部分常规操作,对其稍加修改,做一个100KB大小的MP3播放器轻而易举

启动VB程序,在窗体上放置6个命令按钮,三个标签,一个公用对话框、一个进度条、一个状态栏和一个计时器,窗本的布置请参考附图

按钮"Open MP3 File"是用来打开对话框选择MP3文件,其他5个按钮分别为Play(播放)、Pause(暂停)、Stopplay(停止播放)、Back(向后跳跃)、Prew(向前跳跃)。Label1用来表示歌曲当前时间;label2放在时度条的最左边,Caption属性为"00:00";lable3放在时度条的右边,用来表示歌曲总长。

下面就可以编写代码了。首先在窗体的"通用声明"部分声明函数
Private Declare Function mciSendString Lib "winmm.dll" Alias "mciSendStringA"(Byval lpstrCommand As String,ByVal lpstrRetumString As String,ByVal uReturnLength As long,ByVal hwndCallback as long) As long

Dim mfn As String

下面就是各个对象的代码了:
Private Sub Form_load()
mfn=""
play.Enabled=False
pause.Enabled=False
Stopplay.Enabled=False
back.Enabled=False
prew.Enabled=False
Timer1.Enabled=False
Timer1.Interval=500
End Sub

Private Sub open_Click()
On Error Goto err
With CommonDialog1
.CancelError=True
.Filter="音乐文件|*.mp3;*.wav;*.mid"
.Flags=cdlOFNNoChangeDir And cdlOFNPathMustExist
.Action=1
stopplay_Click '停止按钮同时可以设备初始化
mfn=.FileName '这个程序中文件名一定不能带空格
Form1.Caption=.FileName
play.Enabled=True
End With
play_Click
Exit Sub
err:
End Sub

Private Sub play_Click()
On Error Resume Next
Dim t As Long
t=mciSendString("open " + mfn,0&,0,0) 'Open后边的空格一定不能丢
Dim ret As String * 128
t=mciSendString("status " + mfn + " length",ret,128,0)
'显示歌曲总长
ret=Left(ret,8)
If ret<>"" Then
ProgressBar1.Min=0
ProgressBar1.Max=Val(ret)
Label3.Caption=gettime(Val(ret))
End If
play.Enabled=False
pause.Enabled=True
stopplay.Enabled=True
back.Enabled=True
prew.Enabled=True
t=mciSendString("status " + mfn +" mode",ret,128,0)
'得到设备的当前状态,是播放还是暂停等等
ret=Left(ret,8)
StatusBar1.Panels(1).text=ret
'在状态栏显示播放状态
t=mciSendString("play " + mfn + " form " + Str(ProgressBar1.Value),0&,0,0)
'开始播放
Timer1.Enabled=True
End Sub

Private Sub pause_Click()
t%=mciSendString("pause " + mfn,0&,0,0)
'发出暂停的命令
play.Enable=True
pause.Enabled=False
stopplay.Enabled=True
back.Enabled=False
prew.Enabled=False
End Sub

Private Sub stopplay_Click()
t%=mciSendString("stop " + mfn,0&,0,0)
t%=mciSendString("close " + mfn,0&,0,0)
'停止播放
play.Enabled=True
pause.Enabled=False
stopplay.Enabled=False
back.Enabled=False
prew.Enabled=False
End Sub

Private Sub back_Click()
t%=mciSendString("play " + mfn + " from " + Str(ProgressBar1.Value-(ProgressBar1.Max/10)),0&,0,0) '向后跳一小段再播放
End Sub

Private Sub prew_Click()
t%=mciSendString("play " + mfn + " from " + Stri(ProgressBar1.Value+(ProgressBar1.Max/10)),0&,0,0) '向前跳一小段再播放
End Sub

Private Sub Timer1_Timer()
Dim t As Long
Dim ret As String * 128
t=mciSendString("status " + mfn + " position",ret,0,0)
'得到当前播放位置
ret=left(ret,8)
ProgressBar1.Value=Val(ret)
Label1.Caption=gettime(Val(ret))
'显示歌曲当前时间
If ProgressBar1.Value=ProgressBar1.Max Then
stopplay_Click
End If
t=mciSendString("status " + mfn + " mode",ret,128,0)
ret=Left(ret,8)
StatusBar1.Panels(1).Text=ret
End Sub

Private Sub Form_Unload(Cacel As Integer)
t%=mciSendString("stop " + mfn,0&,0,0)
t%=mciSendString("close " + mfn,0&,0,0)
End Sub

Private Function Gettime(position As Long) As String
'这个函数的功能是把以长整型表示的时间转换为电子钟式的"**:**"
Dim min,sec
min=position/1000
min=min/60
sec=min-Int(min)
min=Int(min)
sec=60 * sec / 100
sec=Int(sec * 100)
gettime=Str(min) + ":" + Str(sec)
End Function

图中5个控制按钮,其实是把字体设为"Webdings",让它们的Caption属性分别为"4" ";" "<" "7" "8"
就可以了

0 0

相关博文

我的热门文章

img
取 消
img