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如何用vb的winsocket解决udp文件传送丢包的问题

发表于2004/11/4 9:55:00  2342人阅读

udp协议是1种无连接的协议,他和tcp协议比较有传输速度快,占用资源少的问题。
但是由于udp协议本身没有自动找包的功能,因此经常会出现丢包的现象,会造成传送的文件丢包的现象
因为时间匆忙和水平有限,本人在效率上没有作优化,只是简单的实现,请大家自己看源码吧
注释:
主要功能:把文件猜成4k大小的包 在包头+上包的长度 接受了1个包判断长度是否和接受的长度相符如果

符合那么就继续发,如果出现丢包那么就从发
希望大家有什么好的建议通知我,我会尽量完善的
Option Explicit
'==============================================
'===============================
'udp传文件
'客户端
'作者: 影子
'================================
'==============================================
Dim FileNumber As Integer '用来存文件的句柄
Dim LenFile As Long '文件的长度
Private Sub Command2_Click()
closefile
End Sub

Private Sub Form_Load()
Winsock0.LocalPort = 5698
Winsock0.Bind
beginfile
End Sub
Private Sub Winsock0_DataArrival(ByVal bytesTotal As Long)
Dim FileByte() As Byte
Winsock0.GetData FileByte, vbArray + vbByte '接收类型为:字节数组
Dim mendByte() As Byte, i As Long, j As Long
Dim temp As String, temp1 As String
'获得包长
j = UBound(FileByte)
'合并包头
  For i = 0 To 7 Step 2
        temp = temp & Chr(FileByte(i))
  Next
'比较长度看丢包没有
If Val(temp) = j Then

    ReDim mendByte(j - 8)
'    提出包头
        For i = 0 To j - 8
            mendByte(i) = FileByte(i + 7)
        Next
'        写文件
    Put #FileNumber, , mendByte
'    发送继续发送的请求
    frmmain.Winsock0.SendData "ok"
Else
'出现丢包,请求重发
    frmmain.Winsock0.SendData "no"
End If
End Sub

Public Sub beginfile()
 FileNumber = FreeFile '取得未使用的文件号
Open "c:/aaa.exe" For Binary As #FileNumber '打开文件
End Sub

Public Sub closefile() '关闭文件句柄
     Close #FileNumber
End Sub

Option Explicit
Dim GetFileNum As Integer
Dim LenFile As Long
Dim Sendbaye() As Byte '发送的包
'===============================
'udp传文件
'作者: 影子
'服务器端
'================================


Private Sub Command1_Click()
        GetFileNum = FreeFile '取得未使用的文件号
        LenFile = FileLen("d:/aa.rar") '获得需传送的文件的长度
        Open "d:/aa.rar" For Binary As #GetFileNum '打开需传送的文件
        Command1.Enabled = False
'        传送文件
        Call TCPSendFile(frmmain.Winsock0, GetFileNum, SplitFile)
        Text1.Text = Now
End Sub

Private Sub Form_Load()
frmmain.Winsock0.RemoteHost = "192.168.0.12" '服务器ip
frmmain.Winsock0.RemotePort = 5698

End Sub
'=========================================================================
'为了清晰,下面分别用两个子过程来完成计算这次还可以传多少个字节的数据和传送数据
'==========================================================================
Private Function SplitFile() As Long '拆包
        On Error Resume Next
        Dim GetCount As Long
        '计算出这次可发送的字节数
        If LenFile >= 4000 Then
        GetCount = 4000
        LenFile = LenFile - GetCount
        Else
        GetCount = LenFile
        LenFile = LenFile - GetCount
        End If
        SplitFile = GetCount

End Function
Private Sub TCPSendFile(objWinSock As Winsock, FileNumber As Integer, SendLen As Long)
        Dim FileByte() As Byte, i As Long, j As Long
        Dim temp As String
        ReDim Sendbaye(0)
       
        Dim tempa As String * 4
        ReDim FileByte(SendLen - 1)
        tempa = SendLen + 7
        Sendbaye = tempa ' 把长度负值给包头
        Get #FileNumber, , FileByte '读取文件
        ReDim Preserve Sendbaye(SendLen + 7) '把包头+到文件头
        For i = 0 To UBound(FileByte)
            Sendbaye(i + 7) = FileByte(i)
        Next
        frmmain.Winsock0.SendData Sendbaye
End Sub

Private Sub Winsock0_DataArrival(ByVal bytesTotal As Long)
Dim str As String
frmmain.Winsock0.GetData str
Select Case str
Case "ok"
'成功继续发送
        If LenFile = 0 Then '发送完成
            MsgBox "成功"
            Exit Sub
        End If
       Call TCPSendFile(frmmain.Winsock0, GetFileNum, SplitFile)
Case "no"
'不成功重发上一个包
        frmmain.Winsock0.SendData Sendbaye
End Select
End Sub

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